Bengt H, Landin A
Computer aided development of knowledge in the construction
Abstract: Many of the failures in the construction process occur due
to a lack of information and knowledge. The problem is not
solely that the information demanded and knowledge are
lacking, it can as well be the opposite. In other words,
there is too much information available. The problem is
usually to give the site manager and others involved in
the construction process the necessary information when
they are receptive to it. This research project is
accomplished with a computer aided system for the
development of knowledge in the construction process, in
order to study the possibilities and problems with a
computer aided system.
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the National University of Singapore. The assistance of the editors, particularly Prof. Martin Betts, is gratefully appreciated.
Thomas Olofsson, Rogier Jongeling, Bengt Toolanen, Stefan Woksepp
Project environment and process design of building projects supported by virtual design and construction methods
Abstract: This paper discusses the project environment and process design of Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) supported building projects. Case studies of the use of VDC methods and tools in construction projects and comparisons made with the evolution of the product development process in the manufacturing industry reveals: (1) Relational contracting in combination with a concurrent engineering process and advanced ICT tools can provide the base for an adaptive Virtual Design and Construction process. (2) There is no single model that contains all project information, but rather a collection of discipline-specific models, including non-model data that can be linked to mod-els. (3) Model information can be exchanged via files or can be available from product model servers. The data format can be proprietary or neutral. (4) An information manager, the Project Information Officer (PIO), is needed who speci-fies the requirements for model use and who ensures integration of models with other models and with non-model data.
Keywords: virtual design, virtual construction, relational contracting, concurrent engineering
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