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G J Brewer, T Gajendran & S E Chen

The use of ICT in the construction industry: critical success factors and strategic relationships in temporary project organisations

Abstract: This paper describes the application of a previously developed model of critical success factors for ICT-mediated chains to three construction project supply chains. These cases drew on the experiences of key stakeholder organisations within each in order to firstly, identify the extent to which features of a previously developed, generalised model of ICT success factors were present in each case, and secondly to extend the model in respect of those aspects relating to pre-existing relationships, strategic relationship formation, and the expectation of a continuing business relationship into the future. The paper is structured to describe the protocols and analysis used, and to report a summary of the findings across the three cases.

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Series: w78:2005 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Technische Universität Dresden.


G J Brewer, T Gajendran & SE Chen

Construction project supply chains and their use of ICT

Abstract: This paper describes the first stage in a much larger project, funded by the Co-operative Research Centre for Construction Innovation in Australia investigating the application of supply chain concepts in the context of the construction project to develop a model of supply chain interaction that is appropriate for investigating ICT adoption both within a single construction project and across the sector. It models the influences described in previous literature relating to ICT-related supply chain participant performance and further proposes an on-line, modified Delphi methodology to facilitate the asynchronous participation of an international panel of experts in the validation of the model. It concludes by reporting the findings from the study and directions for further research.

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G. Brewer, T. Gajendran & C. Beard

Influences on the adoption of BPM/BIM: an Australian perspective

Abstract: BPM/BIM offer the possibility of faster, more accurate collaborative working thereby offering a solution to many current construction industry challenges, yet their usage remains frustratingly limited. It follows that there are likely be a number of influences and the aim of this research was therefore to identify those that could be considered relevant to the Australian construction industry. It first modeled candidate inhibitors identified from the literature, applying this to a single ‘critical case’ study project. Interviews undertaken with six key stakeholders were triangulated with two industry experts. Coding and abstraction of the data largely confirmed the efficacy of the model, which was subsequently found to be congruent with Brewer’s model of Innovation & Attitude (Brewer 2008) after qualitative meta-analysis was conducted.

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Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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Graham Brewer, Thayaparan Gajendran

A Case Study of the Effects of Attitude, Behaviour, and Project Team Culture on Building Information Model use in a Temporary Project Organisation

Abstract: It has been established that in the construction industry maximal benefit from ICT investments can best be achieved where they are used collaboratively, in a project setting, using business processes that span the boundaries of individual firms. It can be argued that this has its ultimate expression in the building information model when it is utilised from the earliest stages of project feasibility, through the design and construction phases and beyond, yet it is all too commonly reported that this rarely eventuates. This state of affairs has less to do with technology issues as much as human relationships. Recent research has found evidence that diverse influences on the formation of individual attitudes result in boundedly rational decision-making behaviour, which has a significant effect on the likelihood of ICT integration. Parallel research has linked the effect of individual attitudes on the formation of project team culture and it's receptiveness to ICT integration. This paper presents preliminary results from a detailed case study that employers both frameworks of analysis to reveal the link between the individual attitude formation of key project personalities, their subsequent ICT decision-making behaviour, resulting in the formation of a differentiated project team culture, and sub optimal BIM performance.

Keywords: BIM, attitudes, behaviours, project team culture, TPO.

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Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Karim Farghaly, Henry Abanda, Christos Vidalakis and Graham Wood

BIM Big Data System Architecture for Asset Management: A Conceptual Framework

Abstract: Effective decision making in the AEC/FM industry has been based increasingly on an exponential growth of data extracted from different sources and technologies. It has been argued that Building Information Modelling (BIM) can handle this information efficiently, acting as a data pool where data can be stored, managed and integrated. Indeed, a BIM platform based on cloud computing and Big Data can manage the storage and flow of data, as well as extract knowledge from Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Internet of Things (IoT), asset management, energy management and materials and resources databases. Furthermore, it can also provide an opportunity for multiple users to view, access and edit the data in 3D environment. This paper describes the requirements and different components of a BIM Big Data platform for facilitating management of building assets. This is achieved by firstly, conducting a critical peer review to ascertain Big Data definitions and stages, and also to define the critical BIM requirements for the Big Data platform. At the crux, this paper presents a conceptual framework for developing a Big Data platform for BIM which incorporates suitable tools and techniques needed to export, store, analyse and visualise BIM data.

Keywords: Building Information Modelling, Big Data, Asset Management

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0163

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Ken Thomas, Brian Graham, John Wall

Learning about IT and learning using IT - a review of current practice on higher education AEC programmes in Ireland

Abstract: There is a debate concerning the appropriate extent, content and delivery of IT education for AEC pro-grammes. The aim of the research work described in this paper was to generate information to assist the debate, spe-cifically in Ireland, but the results and conclusions may also be of relevance to other countries. A survey of the relevant Heads of Academic Departments in the Universities and Institutes of Technology was carried out in June 2006 with a response rate of 89%. The context to this survey has been the relatively unique development of Ireland over the past ten years (population, economy, IT, construction industry, and higher education) in comparison to other European coun-tries. The recent implementation of the Irish National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ) and its relationship with the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for lifelong learning is also an important contextual issue for this research. The survey results include the range of specific software training on the AEC programmes, as well as the extent of in-clusion of basic IT training, understanding how computers work, understanding and writing computer programmes, consideration of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and the use of Learning Management Systems (LMS). A further interesting feature of the survey has been the identification of the record number of students on higher education AEC programmes in Ireland.

Keywords: IT, AEC, higher education, qualifications framework, Ireland, survey

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Full text: content.pdf (352,600 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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Ken Thomas, Brian Graham, Tim McCarthy, Pat Troy, David Crowe

Making an Impact: Improving the use of ICT in a Leading Construction Company Through an Industry-Academia Partnership

Abstract: This paper concerns the improved use of ICT in a leading Irish construction company via an Industry-Academia partnership. The partners are Waterford Institute of Technology (WIT) and BAM Contractors, who are part of the wider Royal BAM Group based in the Netherlands. The bespoke MSc in Construction Project Management (MScCPM) programme that was developed through this partnership involves a number of modules, including one on ‘ICT in Construction’. The majority of the required assessments on the bespoke programme relate specifically to BAM business activities. BAM saw the benefits of getting the participant either individually or in groups to investigate issues that are of importance to the company. Each assessment was designed and agreed by the relevant WIT Module Leader and the associated BAM Expert in line with the agreed MScCPM framework. The processes of aligning the required programme assessments with topics and problems of direct interest to the company may not always have been straightforward, but the potential befits were clear to all concerned. In the case of the ‘ICT in Construction’ module the WIT Module Leader agreed the topics and approach with the BAM ICT Manager and his team. Essentially the group was divided up into six groups of three people and the other two participants were given individual projects. The group projects concerned the use of COINS, SharePoint, BIM, Project Planning software, ICT on Sites and Mobile ICT Devices. The individual projects related to the use of ICT in two other companies, BAM Nuttall and Suir Engineering. The background to these topics, how they were researched, the publication of the associated reports, the oral presentations to WIT and BAM Senior Management are described in this paper. Most importantly, the subsequent impact of these ICT projects on the BAM people, processes and technologies are also considered.

Keywords: ICT, Construction, Industry-Academia Partnership, Work-Integrated Learning

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Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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T Gajendran, G J Brewer, S E Chen

Project teams and ICT: surfacing the critical success factors.

Abstract: This paper reports on the second stage in a project, funded by the Co-operative Research Centre for Construction Innovation (CRC-CI) in Australia, investigating the critical success factors for ICT mediated supply chains. It argues that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) adoption in the construction industry has yet to deliver its full potential, and that a need exists to identify and understand the factors that should be addressed to reap this full potential. It describes a national questionnaire survey that was conducted to identify the critical success factors that underpin the integration of ICT in supply chains. It establishes that organisational commitment, organisational attitude to communication, rights and duties, investment drive, guarantee/protection/assurance were all identified as being critical issues to be addressed by firms wishing to successfully adopt and integrate ICT into their supply chain operations. The paper concludes with recommendations for further research.

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Full text: content.pdf (409,666 bytes) (available to registered users only)

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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Technische Universität Dresden.


T. Gajendran and G. Brewer

Cultural analysis for ICT integration: Case study analysis of a construction project

Abstract: Culture is considered central to the way an organization forms and performs. In this regard it can be used to understand and explain organizational phenomena including the level of engagement with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The aim of this paper is to discuss the impact of culture on the extent of ICT integration within the context of a construction project, using the cultural analysis framework proposed by Gajendran & Brewer (2007). This framework maps the influence of culture on the seventeen aspects of ICT integration, enabling the assessment of the impact of culture on the extent of ICT integration. Application of this framework requires deciphering the cultural assumptions or beliefs of key project team members. Therefore an ethnographic interview approach, being a commonly accepted data making technique in cultural studies, was used to extract the tacit cultural beliefs. These beliefs are then transformed into the cultural analysis framework to assess the extent of ICT integration. It was found that the ICT engagement in the case study project was dominated by fragmentation arising from a lack of project leadership combined with non-aligned technology. These negative aspects were offset by underlying trust and respect in the project team.

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Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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Thayaparan Gajendran, Graham Brewer

Use of Online Communication Portals in Construction Projects: Issues Associated to Alignment of Technology and Processes

Abstract: The online portals have been in use as an information and communication tool for some time in construction projects. Although they have brought significant benefits, the way they are implemented in projects is crucial to deliver the desired outcomes. Technology and processes are two critical agents that determine the effective use of online portals, as in any other Information and Communication Technology initiative. Moreover the challenges facing alignment of technology and processes in online portal implementation is greater in ‘intra organisation’ context than in ‘inter organisation’. The supply chain perspective is employed to contextualise the intra organisation focus in the context of this research. Therefore, this paper aims identify technology and process alignment issues when online portals are used to share information and to communicate across construction project supply chains. A case study strategy using interview method is employed to collect data. Coding and thematic analysis is used to identify the relevant issues. This paper will conclude by identifying technological and process issues impacting on the flow of information and communication in construction project.

Keywords: Online portals, technology, process, alignment, supply chain

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