Niclas Andersson, Pernille Hammar Andersson
Building Information Modeling in Engineering Teaching - Retaining the Context of Engineering Knowledge and Skills
Abstract: The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in construction supports business as well as project processes by providing integrated systems for communication, administration, quantity takeoff, time scheduling, cost estimating, progress control among other things. The rapid technological development of ICT systems and the increased application of ICT in industry significantly influence the management and organisation of construction projects, and consequently, ICT has implications for the education of engineers and the preparation of students for their future professional careers. In engineering education there is an obvious aim to provide students with sufficient disciplinary knowledge in science and engineering principles. The implementation of ICT in engineering education requires, however, that valuable time and teaching efforts are spent on adequate software training needed to operate the ICT systems properly. This study takes on the challenge of using ICT in engineering education without diminishing the body of technical disciplinary knowledge and the understanding of the engineering context in which it is taught, practiced and learned. The objective of the study is to describe and review an extensive role play simulation where students interact with real professional engineers. The role play simulation aims at providing a realistic learning context for the students in order to facilitate the learning objectives of the disciplinary knowledge of the course, which in this case is represented by adopting Building Information Modeling, BIM, for construction management purposes. Course evaluations, a questionnaire and discussions with students confirm a genuinely positive attitude towards the role-play simulation and interaction with industry professionals. The students engage in the role-play and express an increased understanding of the requirements and implicit rules of real-life engineering. The interaction between students and the professional engineers act as a prime mover for the students to perform their best, which in turn strengthens the learning of the disciplinary subjects.
Keywords: BIM, engineering teaching, role play, simulation, industry participation
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Rolf Büchmann-Slorup, Niclas Andersson
BIM-Based Scheduling of Construction – A Comparative Analysis of Prevailing and BIM-Based Scheduling Processes
Abstract: The implementation of BIM in construction will have far reaching implications for the organization of construction works, the roles, relations and responsibilities of the actors, business models, risk distribution, etc. At a project level, the application of BIM for management purposes facilitates the integration of management processes, e.g. integration of time and cost, which enables integrated management of labor distribution, procurement and just-in-time deliveries of building materials, on site logistics, cash-flow analysis, and other resource related aspects that connect to time scheduling. However, even though the potential of BIM is generally recognized in industry, the practical application of BIM for management purposes is still limited among contractors. Thus, the objective of this study is to explore and analyze the gap between BIM-based scheduling and the prevailing scheduling process in construction from a general contractorâ€™s point of view. The purpose of the study is to add knowledge and understanding about to what extent BIM-based scheduling can answer to the principal shortcomings of the current scheduling process. The study of the prevailing scheduling process results in five key areas of importance; Improper supply of information, Collaboration supports validation and acceptance of the schedule, Continuous improvements in scheduling is a challenge, Current scheduling methods fail to support time and resource simulation and optimization, Challenging to overview and communicate scheduling output. The study finds that BIM-based scheduling can answer to the identified shortcomings and best practice work methods in the prevailing scheduling process. However, the full use of BIM-based scheduling is dependent on an organization that foster openness, collaboration and transparency. In addition, obtaining full advantages of BIM-based scheduling presuppose standardization of building components, diffusion of the current phase divided construction process and a shift from decentralized to centralized and collaborative resource management.
Keywords: BIM, planning and scheduling, gap analysis, 4D-modeling, implementation
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