B Otjacques & F Feltz
Characterizing the visualization techniques of project-related interactions
Abstract: All construction projects can be considered as cooperative undertakings. Their strategic management as well as the daily operations causes numerous interactions to occur, either among persons or among persons and resources. These interactions have been studied from various viewpoints but few researchers have focused on their visualization. The graphical representation of the cooperation is however a powerful tool to help the project participants to get a correct understanding of the situation. This paper proposes thus a structuring framework (IVF - Interaction Visualization Framework) of the visualization techniques used to display such interactions. Three basic axes of classification are used to structure the study. Which objects are visualized? Why are they visualized? How are they visualized? For each axis, several properties have been identified and the admitted values have been specified. This work can be considered as a first step towards a structured view of the 'visualization of cooperation' domain.
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Otjacques B, Post P, Feltz F
Management of information flows during construction projects
Abstract: The right management of information is crucial in construction projects and has been studied by many researchers. This paper begins by defining and discussing some information management concepts. In particular, it proposes a reflection about the pull-push model for transferring information and links the resulting ideas to some generic issues of information management, namely information overload, information retrieval and information asymmetry. On the basis of these theoretical elaborations, it presents a prototype tool for construction project management that is based on original technologies. Instead of setting up a project specific web site, the approach consists of mixing pull and push transfer modes on the basis of an enhanced messaging system. This prototype may thus be considered as a proof-of-concept approach that new technological solutions may be explored if the conceptual analysis of generic problems takes precedence over default choices in terms of technology.
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Auckland. The assistance of the editor who provided the full texts and the structured metadata, Dr. Robert Amor, is gratefully appreciated.