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Di Mascio D,Pauwels P,De Meyer R

Improving the knowledge and management of the historical built environment with BIM and ontologies: the case study of the book tower

Abstract: The historical built environment is acknowledged as a valuable material and cultural resource that needs to be preserved. Usually, however, there are difficulties that do not allow to effectively analyze and document it. Difficulties arising from building characteristics (e.g. irregular shape), site characteristics (e.g. particular natural or artificial context) or other exceptional events (e.g. natural disasters) make it impossible to use only traditional theories, tools and techniques. On the contrary, digital technologies give the opportunity to improve and expand the comprehension of complex artifacts. The objective of our research is to elaborate and propose a theoretical and methodological framework to improve the comprehension and management of the historical built environment with digital technologies. The recorded information can be essential to plan and manage a recovery plan and/or a maintenance program taking into consideration also aspects linked to cultural diversity and environmental sustainability. In this paper we will deal mainly with the constructive and relational characteristics of historical buildings. The constructive characteristics point out the constructive system of an artifact (number, type and material of technical elements, etc.), whilst the relational characteristics represent the relations among the internal components of the artifact and other external elements that could be of various kind (persons, places, etc.). To analyze and document these characteristics we used mainly Building Information Management (BIM) software (Revit) and an ontology editor (TopBraid Composer). Revit was used for the digital 3D reconstruction and TopBraid Composer was used to represent and organize the relational characteristics. Both were applied to a case study: the Book Tower in Ghent, Belgium. This is one of the most important historical (20th century) buildings in the city of Ghent. Through the paper we will show the methodology we used, the issues we tackled and possible future developments.

Keywords: 3D,BIM,digital reconstruction,historical built environment,information,knowledge organization,ontologies

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Full text: content.pdf (1,066,747 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: convr:2013 (browse)
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G Costa, P Pauwels

Building product suggestions for a BIM model based on rule sets and a semantic reasoning engine

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Full text: content.pdf (385,502 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2015 (browse)
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J Dimyadi, P Pauwels, M Spearpoint, C Clifton, R Amor

Querying a Regulatory Model for Compliant Building Design Audit

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Full text: content.pdf (465,379 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2015 (browse)
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Mads Holten Rasmussen, Pieter Pauwels, Christian Anker Hviid and Jan Karlshøj

Proposing a Central AEC Ontology That Allows for Domain Specific Extensions

Abstract: In the last years, several ontologies focused on structuring domain specific information within the scope of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) have emerged. Several of these individual ontologies redefine core concepts of a building already specified in the publicly available ontology version of the ISO standardised Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) schema, thereby violating the W3C best practice rule of minimum redundancy. The voluminous IFC schema with origins in a closed world assumption is likewise violating this rule by redefining concepts about time, location, units etc. already available from other sources, and it is furthermore violating the rule of keeping ontologies simple for easy maintenance. Based on all the available ontologies, we propose a simple Building Topology Ontology (BOT) only covering the core concepts of a building, and three methods for extending this with domain specific ontologies. This approach makes it (1) possible to work with a limited set of core building classes, and (2) extend those as needed towards specific domain ontologies that are in hands of business professionals or domain-specific standardisation bodies, such as the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), buildingSMART, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), and so forth.

Keywords: Linked Data, Building Information Modelling, Web of Data, Building Topology Ontology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0153

Full text: content.pdf (565,319 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: jc3:2017 (browse)
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P Pauwels, E Corry, J ODonnell

Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language

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Full text: content.pdf (221,112 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2014 (browse)
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P Pauwels, S Zhang

Semantic Rule-checking for Regulation Compliance Checking: An Overview of Strategies and Approaches

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Full text: content.pdf (179,175 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2015 (browse)
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