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Robert Klinc, Ziga Turk, Matevz Dolenc

Development of Decentralized Information and Communication System for AEC

Abstract: During the transition from traditional to ICT supported engineering communication and collaboration, the type of interaction between AEC project collaborators changed. A thorough review of a number of national and European projects shows that the topology of interaction evolved from the traditional fully interconnected model where people talk to each other directly to the centralized, star shaped model where collaborators talk to each other through the intermediary. Star model with central point of interaction offers a more efficient and less complex way to manage communication, although it affects the way professionals work, as it does not support core engineering processes and tasks but forces new ones. In that way, professionals are determined by the technology they use.Nonetheless, current trends in ICT are encouraging because they focus mainly on people and processes and less on technology. The tipping point for the (engineering) communication and collaboration came with the popularity of web 2.0 and widespread social networks that are by their nature mostly decentralized. Fast emerging social networking applications are becoming the preferred method of communication in personal as well as in business environment. From the technological point of view, newly developed solutions are focused towards SaaS model and especially cloud computing.The paper provides an overview of characteristics of the engineering communication and collaboration as well as the ICT technologies that shaped the AEC environment. In addition, key technological trends are outlined, system architecture is proposed and ICT communication system prototype presented.

Keywords: communication, collaboration, Web 2.0, informal communication systems

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Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Turk Z, Cerovsek T

Mapping the W78 papers onto the construction informatics topic map

Abstract: In the context of the EU ICCI project, an ontology of the filed of construction informatics (alias construction information technology) has been developed and defined in the form of an ISO/IEC 13250 topic map. The map is based on a generic model of a research process. It structures the field into core and support themes, the core are further split into information and communication related topics. In the context of the EU SciX project a full text electronic bibliography of the CIB W78 since 1988 has been compiled. In the paper we present the results of the mapping of the W78 papers onto the topic map. Two approaches were taken: in the first the papers were mapped into the topics used some heuristics and human intervention. We present statistical analysis and chronology of the topics. In the second, data mining methods were used to define the topic map of W78 automatically. The resulting structure of topics is based purely on the words and phrases of the papers and not on some higher-level structure. We compare this machine generated map with the topic map invented by a human. The latter resulted in topics of more similar sizes and sometimes curious interdependencies.

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Full text: content.pdf (181,244 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2003 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Auckland. The assistance of the editor who provided the full texts and the structured metadata, Dr. Robert Amor, is gratefully appreciated.


Turk Z, Delic D

Graduate level construction informatics curriculum: a proposal to meet the Bologna structure

Abstract: Across Europe, faculties of civil engineering and departments of construction are addressing the structure of the university level education according to the Bologna declaration. The restructuring provides an opportunity to rethink some aspects of the curriculum, including the status of education in construction informatics and computer science. While today the IT tools are used in most courses, there is a significant corpus of knowledge that needs specialized attention in dedicated courses. Some courses must be aimed at fundamental IT knowledge that is required to support core engineering works such as design, planning, construction management and construction itself. Advanced understanding of all aspects of information technology is required for job positions that actively shape the introduction of IT for strategic, management and knowledge worker levels. This is reflected in the proposed schema of four courses, two of which are optional. The author believes that the 2+2 courses over the 4 years of engineering education is a realistic share that construction informatics should have in the reformed curricula. This paper reports on a study that was completed in 2002 for the University of Zagreb, Croatia in 2002, that is reforming the curriculum related to construction informatics. The goal of the paper is not to provide a definitive curriculum, but rather to start a Europe-wide discussion on a harmonization of construction informatics curricula.

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Full text: content.pdf (164,646 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2003 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Auckland. The assistance of the editor who provided the full texts and the structured metadata, Dr. Robert Amor, is gratefully appreciated.


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