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Lebru, A.

Optimal Control Theory Applied to a Dwelling Heating

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Series: w78:1986 (browse)
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Masi Mohammadi, Peter Erkelens

Old and at Home in an Intelligent Environment

Abstract: Due to the rapid aging of the Dutch population and aging-in-place policies, an increasing demand for suitable dwellings is to be expected. A significant contribution can be provided by domotics defined as: the advanced technological equipments and services in the domestic environment to sustain and to enhance the quality of aging in place as well as empowerment of the senior citizen (in daily life). This paper, based on literature review and qualitative and quantitative studies, (i) seeks to inform the development of domotics technology in the living environment of the older adults; (ii) provides an overview of the multiplicity of needs and attitudes of the older citizens regarding smart technology in the domestic environment; and (iii) develops recommendations to incorporate domotics in the architectural structure of the dwelling. Study to senior citizens’ needs and attitudes toward domotics is based on triangulation of cohort-group discussions, enabling techniques and in-depth interviews followed by a postal questionnaire survey. Hence, based on the identified needs, two houses, occupied by the elderly, have been upgraded by domotics. The findings indicate that needs, perceptions, environmental and personal attributes of the senior determine the attitudes towards automation. This attitude can best be described as ‘critical/positive’. Too much automation is undesirable. Ethical considerations are particularly related to professional stakeholders, especially caregivers, whereas seniors are mainly interested in the functionality of domotics. In the elderly housing, the stage of stand-alone devices is outdated. It should be focused on the networked home and the integration of domotics in the house. Innovation by addition in a traditional construction environment often results in sub-optimal solutions. The results confirm that the integration of intelligent technology in a house needs to be a synthesis of the user’s needs, technology, the living environment and healthcare.

Keywords: aging in place, domotics, attitude, residential needs, senior citizens, case study

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Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Paiva A

Computer aided quality evaluation of dwellings

Abstract: The evolution of computer related technologies allows for the construction of increasingly complexapplications. On the other hand, the house building industry calls for an organised approach to qualityassurance, which should be based on an integrated view of the dwelling life cycle: design, construction, useand, eventually, demolition. A framework for the evaluation of the quality of dwelling designs, named QDF(Quality Dwelling Framework), has been developed, focused on the evaluation of the quality of dwellingdesigns. In order to experiment with QDF, a computer prototype has been implemented, following theobject-oriented approach to software development. The work is progressing in the line of extending QDFto support the need for computer aided evaluation of the quality of dwellings, after construction. Therelevance of the object oriented approach in modelling complex products like buildings, also adopted inProduct Modelling, is briefly referred to.

Keywords: quality evaluation, certification, dwellings, object oriented programming.

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Full text: content.pdf (125,028 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: ecce:2001 (browse)
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