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Franklyn Chukwunonso

EVALUATING ICT FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN

Abstract: Higher education is approaching the point at which Science and Technology particularly Information and Communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every institution of higher learning uses computers in their educational programs. In many institutions, this information technology (IT) revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place. The potential educational uses of the Internet and World Wide Web add urgency to the need for institutional policies that protect the interest of participants while assuring the best educational use of these expensive resources. But one cannot be sure that all the new computers and networks appearing in classrooms will really make a difference for learners. It is still uncertain that the money and time invested in them makes a difference. What criteria to be used and how to measure success are some of the questions that raise additional questions about differences in the way we use technologies. For every success story, there are other stories about problems or unanticipated negative effects. It is so often observed that new technologies remain underused or misused. These are some of the issues this paper will consider with respect to information technology and technological values, virtues and developments in tertiary education in Nigeria.

Keywords: ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, IT, Evaluating ICT, Effective Implementation of ICt, Nigeria, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Nigerian Universities, Nigerian Education, Tertiary Institutions, Tertiary Education, Universities

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Franklyn Chukwunonso

EVALUATING ICT FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN

Abstract: Higher education is approaching the point at which Science and Technology particularly Information and Communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every institution of higher learning uses computers in their educational programs. In many institutions, this information technology (IT) revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place. The potential educational uses of the Internet and World Wide Web add urgency to the need for institutional policies that protect the interest of participants while assuring the best educational use of these expensive resources. But one cannot be sure that all the new computers and networks appearing in classrooms will really make a difference for learners. It is still uncertain that the money and time invested in them makes a difference. What criteria to be used and how to measure success are some of the questions that raise additional questions about differences in the way we use technologies. For every success story, there are other stories about problems or unanticipated negative effects. It is so often observed that new technologies remain underused or misused. These are some of the issues this paper will consider with respect to information technology and technological values, virtues and developments in tertiary education in Nigeria.

Keywords: Internet, WWW, Evaluating, ICT, Information Technology, Nigeria, Tertiary, Education, Implementation

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Franklyn Chukwunonso

AFRICA IN THE CYBER REVOLUTION

Abstract: The Internet has changed the world. Ask ten people what they love about the Internet and you will get ten different answers: e-mail, web-surging, entertainment, education, shopping, music, T.V, travel, online banking, and chat. The list is endless. But terms like modem, browser and portal can be daunting. There may be an estimated 800 million people using the Internet today, but that still leaves the vast majority of the world’s population unaware of the joys of cyberspace. This paper attempts to provide some of the answers to questions like what the Internet is, how it works, and what promise it holds for the future.

Keywords: Internet, Cyberspace, e-mail, web-surging, entertainment, education, shopping, music, T.V, travel, online banking, chat, modem, web browser, web portal, ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, IT, Evaluating ICT, Effective Implementation of ICt, Nigeria, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Nigerian Universities, Nigerian Education, Tertiary Institutions, Tertiary Education, Universities, Role of ICT, Development of ICT, Implementation of ICT

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Full text: http://www.franklynonso.com (available to registered users only)

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Franklyn Chukwunonso

THE ROLE OF ICT POLICY IN DEVELOPMENT, IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF ICT IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTION

Abstract: Nigerian tertiary education is approaching the point at which Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. In many institutions, this IT revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place and even where they exist, they have been inconsistently developed or have been unevenly implemented regarding the use of ICT in educational programs. Even as institutions help faculty members develop educational and research programs, they have not developed policies to address fundamental and relevant ICT usage and application in these programs. Faculty efforts to bring ICT into their teaching and scholarly activities are rarely considered in formal faculty review and evaluation of teaching curriculum. In the long run, the effectiveness of these new digital tools will be dependant on the way in which these ICT policies are adopted and implemented. This paper discusses the vital role policies can play in the development, implementation and evaluation of ICT in Nigerian tertiary institutions.

Keywords: ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, IT, Evaluating ICT, Effective Implementation of ICt, Nigeria, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Nigerian Universities, Nigerian Education, Tertiary Institutions, Tertiary Education, Universities, Role of ICT, Development of ICT, Implementation of ICT

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Full text: http://www.franklynonso.com (available to registered users only)

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Fruchter R, Demian P

Knowledge management for reuse

Abstract: Managing and reusing knowledge in architecture, engineering and construction firms can lead to greater competitive advantage, improved designs, and more effective management of constructed facilities. We define design knowledge reuse as the reuse of previously designed buildings, building subsystems, or building components, as well as the knowledge and expertise ingrained in these previous designs. This paper introduces the notion of knowledge in context. We argue that in order for knowledge to be reusable, the user should be able to see the context in which this knowledge was originally created and interact with this rich content. We call a repository of such knowledge in context the corporate memory. We describe empirical observations of designers reusing knowledge from their personal design experiences. Based on these observations, we formalize two key activities in the process of knowledge reuse: finding reusable items and understanding these items in context. We formalize six degrees of exploration that lead to understanding. We describe a prototype knowledge management system, CoMem (Corporate Memory), that supports these activities. CoMem is distinguished from the document-centric state-of-practice solutions by its approach of "overview first, zoom and filter, and then details-on-demand."

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Full text: content.pdf (269,521 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2002 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.man-software (0.017227) class.bestPractise (0.011535) class.education (0.007733)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by the Aarhus School of Architecture, Denmark. The assistnace of the editor, Prof. Kristian Agger, is gratefully aprecciated.


Futcher K, Rowlinson S

A new model for the management of portfolios of projects

Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of implementing a MIS which is able to identify significant projects and provide feedback for their control. These significant projects are those which have most impact on the overall performance of the portfolio of projects. The key issues which are addressed are the performance of a MIS based on traditional principles and the subsequent search for heuristics which would make this system effective and efficient.

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Full text: content.pdf (68,172 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1996 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.environment (0.049606) class.impact (0.048306) class.economic (0.034925)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Ljubljana. The assistance of the editor, Prof. Ziga Turk, is gratefully appreciated.


G Kapogiannis, F Khosrowshahi, J Underwood

Digital Services for Construction Small and Medium Enterprises: A Conceptual Business Model

Abstract: The rapid deployment of web technologies delivers information from diverse sources in the world of digital business in a unified way. Within the construction industry the demand for investments in the digital dimension has raised very fast indicating a trend towards on-line collaboration services usually offered through a web portal. The main purpose of this research is to examine how the use of a web portal enhances the mission of construction Small Medium Enterprises (SME) in the local, national and international economy. Therefore, features and services captured from existing construction web portals are listed quantitatively to indicate those that are important to support the enterprise needs of construction managers and directors. Additionally the common practical and essential features considered in the technical and contextual design of a web portal geared for the use within the domain of construction SMEs in order to promote enterprise continuity in digital business are briefly presented. Results indicate potential support of interaction and collaboration among partners in the construction industry due to direct information accessibility as well as an attractive web platform developed based upon their daily needs. Therefore the need to develop a web business model is suggested to enhance the role of construction SMEs with a focus on online collaboration (online services). This model aspires to provide potential practical on-line dissemination of knowledge within construction SMEs to help the world of construction managers and directors in order for them to be more efficient, effective and creative when developing new businesses, new ideas and new projects. This model is partitioned to accommodate for flexible and scalable technological infrastructures that offer the necessary web services addressed to construction SMEs.

Keywords: Construction SME, Web Portal Technologies, Web Services, Virtual Organisation, Communication

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Full text: content.pdf (330,893 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2011 (browse)
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Golabchi M

Development of an expert system to select the appropriate structural systems for large span structures

Abstract: The purpose of structural design is to create structures that respond to the requirements of function, aesthetics, serviceability, and constructability. In order to create, the designer must deal conceptually not only with a vast array of structural alternatives but also with the behaviour of these systems under varying load conditions. This paper introduces an interactive knowledge-based expert system for selection of appropriate structural systems for a particular project. The principles, methodology and implementation of the system are described. The system will be of particular use in the choice of the most effective structural solution for large span structures. The architectural demand and structural requirements of large span structures are explained. Knowledge-based expert systems, object-xiented developments and applications of expert systems in structural design are investigated. Related approaches and the most recent developed expert systems in this area are described and discussed. Finally. the approach adopted in the developed system and potential applications of the research are presented.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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Gowri K, Chassin D P

Softdesk energy: an effective methodology for integrating CAD and energy analysis

Abstract: Integrating energy analysis within a CAD environment provides designers the opportunity to evaluate the energy impact of design decisions much earlier in the design process than previously possible with simulation tools. Softdesk Energy is a design tool that integrates building energy analysis capability (ASHRAE "SEAM") into a highly automated production drafting environment (AutoCAD and Softdesk AutoArchitect). The authors review the technical challenges of integrating analytic methods into design tools, the opportunities such integrated tools create for building designers, and the uses of such a tool from the perspective of a current user of Softdesk Energy. A comparison between the simplified calculations in Softdesk Energy and detailed simulations using DOE-2 energy analysis is made to evaluate the applicability of the simplified analysis during preliminary design stages. As a unique example of integrating design and drafting, Softdesk Energy provides an opportunity to study the strengths and weaknesses of integrated design tools and gives some insight into the future direction of the CAD software towards meeting the needs of diverse design disciplines. This paper will present the modeling extensions required to enhance CAD data for energy analysis using a geometry interpreter and user-interface features required to assist designers with appropriate default values. In addition, details of the Industry Foundation Class developed by IAI and how it can support integration of energy analysis will also be presented.

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Full text: content.pdf (54,763 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1998 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.man-software (0.041062) class.environment (0.038187) class.synthesis (0.037896)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. The assistance of the editors, Prof. Bo-Christer Björk and Dr. Adina Jägbeck, is gratefully appreciated.


H. Yin, M. Otreba, L. Allan, K. Menzel

A Concept for IT-Supported Carbon Neutral Renovation

Abstract: Building renovation supports excellent opportunities to reduce energy consumption in buildings or reduce their CO2 emissions by making smart energy-saving choices to achieve carbon neutrality of buildings. The challenge is to achieve 'zero energy' and carbon neutral buildings by focusing not only on new designs but also primarily on old structures. However, to achieve effective carbon-neutral building renovation substantial financial investments are required. Therefore, it is important to provide a detailed decision support which informs the selection process which building elements should be considered in the renovation process. In this paper we present a simple energy simulation model used for the analysis of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. The model was used to produce an energy consumption report to assist us in the initial phases of a renovation project to evaluate the impact of design alternatives on energy conservation, investment, running costs, reduced CO2 emissions and further environmental impacts.

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Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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