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Ayer S,Messner J,Anumba C

ecoCampus: a new approach to sustainable design education

Abstract: Civil and architectural engineering education programs strive to prepare students to design built environments that will be used by society. Some of these built systems can be challenging for laypeople to visualize while learning the design process. This research focuses on improving the way that students visualize and engage with building design content through the creation of a novel educational tool for designing sustainable building elements. The tool prototype, called ecoCampus, is an educational game that uses augmented reality technology on a mobile computing platform. It allows users to visualize a possible building retrofit design in the context of an existing built space and also receive tailored feedback about their design. The prototype application was tested with 47 first-year architectural engineering students to better understand the benefit of this tool. The results of this implementation were analyzed and compared to the results of prior semesters’ students who were tasked with completing a similar retrofit design activity without the use of ecoCampus or a mobile computing device. This comparison suggests that students who completed the ecoCampus activity were more likely to complete multiple design iterations as well as experiment with materials other than those present in the existing wall, suggesting that ecoCampus may help to break the tendency toward design fixation. Additionally, students generally rated the experience as highly enjoyable, suggesting engagement with this teaching tool. Future work will implement the ecoCampus experience with students in several building-related majors to identify possible additional benefits that can be observed.

Keywords: ecoCampus,Simulation Game,Augmented Reality,Engineering Education,Situated Learning Theory

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Series: convr:2013 (browse)
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Bowen P A, Pearl R G

Interpesssnal communication of price-related information at the project inception stage: an interview survey

Abstract: The premise UPOn which this gaper is based is that, within the context of information transfer, there has been insufficient examination of the interpersonal communication function. This paper is concerned with the effectiveness of the interpersonal communication process associated with certain communication media utilised in the provision of price-related information at the inception stage of the building procurement process. More specifically, it deals with communication aspects of quantity surveyors’ engagement letters and documentation, clients’ briefs, and the language of building price forecasting. The paper documents the results of an interview survey concerning the opinions of clients, architects and quantity surveyors.

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Series: w78:1993 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.communication (0.033260) class.social (0.030565) class.bestPractise (0.025199)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the National University of Singapore. The assistance of the editors, particularly Prof. Martin Betts, is gratefully appreciated.


Claudio Mourgues, Martin Fischer, David Hudgens

Using 3D and 4D models to improve jobsite communication – virtual huddles case study

Abstract: This paper explores the unique challenges and opportunities of communicating design and construction information at the jobsite and describes the format and content of an information delivery method that we call Virtual Huddles (VDC-aided morning jobsite meetings). The research method used is direct participation in a test case (the construction of the concrete structure for a multi-family housing project) using VDC methods on a daily basis for approximately 4 months to support more than 40 daily morning meetings with the contractor’s field workers and staff. From the case observations and a structured interview, we observed that huddles are more effective when the content focuses on specific work instead of generic training or safety talks. However, it is not effective to deliver a high level of detail since workers will quickly forget it and come back later for specific dimensions. We also found that, on a daily basis, 3D models work better than 4D models. Some of the most important impacts of the huddles are a change in the structure of information distribution that empowers the laborers, a higher engagement of the laborers with the project, and an improvement in the communication between the contractor’s site management staff and the laborers.

Keywords: VDC (virtual design and construction), jobsite, contractor, communication, case study

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Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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Danijel Rebolj, Riko Šafarič, Andrej Šorgo and Nenad Čuš Babič

SMARTCON, Self-Maintaining and Rejuvenating Constructions

Abstract: Infrastructure systems are established and maintained to satisfy our societal needs for living and transport. The European Roadmap for Cross-Modal Transport Infrastructure Innovation states that by 2030 an improvement of 50% in infrastructure performance, risk and cost versus a 2010 baseline should be achieved. However, current maintenance methods require intense engagement of highly trained experts and exposure to hazards, they are time consuming and hinder the normal use of constructions. Since infrastructure systems are not able to "care for themselves" they create a heavy burden for society in terms of regular maintenance and total cost of ownership. Therefore, SMARTCON proposes to transform passive constructions into smart structures able to take care of themselves. The envisaged system shall consist of a biomimetic swarm of robots able to perform continuous inspection, analysis of inspected indicators, decision support systems to advise on necessary maintenance or rejuvenation actions and to evaluate implemented actions. The paper is presenting the SMARTCON concept, the preliminary research, and the intended results of a three-year project beginning in early 2017. The project is focusing on bridges as they are considered to be among the most critical infrastructure objects.

Keywords: Automation, Infrastructure, Bridges, Inspection, Maintenance, Rejuvenation, Robot Swarm, Biomimetics

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0164

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N Mohammadi, T Bulbul, J E Taylor

Evaluating Current Systems and Exploring the Potential of Social Networking Platforms to Increase User Engagement with Eco-Feedback Systems

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Series: w78:2014 (browse)
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Renate Fruchter, Marisa Ponti, Andrea Jungbecker, Hans Wilhelm Alfen

A scalable working model for cross-disciplinary global teamwork education

Abstract: Our mission is to prepare the next generation of architecture, engineering, construction (AEC) profes-sionals who know how to team up with professionals from other disciplines and leverage the advantages of innovative collaboration technologies (ICT) to produce higher quality products, faster, more economical, and environmentally friendly. To achieve this mission we have been offering the AEC Global Teamwork course established at Stanford in 1993 in collaboration with universities worldwide. The AEC Global Teamwork course was described in many previous papers. This paper examines this course as a scalable working model for cross-disciplinary global teamwork education. More specifically we discuss the following dimensions: (1) a growing global learning network, (2) expanding the cross-disciplinary engagement, (3) evolving ICT EcoSystem, and (4) increasing number of social worlds students distribute their attention.

Keywords: project based learning, global teamwork, ICT, social world

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Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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Shirazi A,Behzadan A

Assessing the pedagogical value of Augmented Reality-based learning in construction engineering

Abstract: This paper presents the latest findings of authors’ work in design and assessment of an augmented reality pedagogical tool for construction engineering education. Previous work has extensively discussed the need for suitable learning tools and information delivery methods to enhance the quality of engineering education. However, developing a methodology with measurable outcomes that can assist in transforming conventional instructional techniques is not a trivial task and requires a meticulous approach. Within the educational research community, it is commonly accepted that instrumental aids, if properly used, can be effective controllers of human learning. This prospect coupled with the fact that technological advancements and mobile tools have become ubiquitous parts of our lives, motivated the authors to explore the possibility of using smartphones and tablet devices as instrumental aids to improve the quality of classroom teaching and learning. In particular, a context-aware augmented reality application was used to create a pop-up book by superimposing 3D graphics (virtual models, animations) and multimedia (images, videos, sounds) over the pages of a construction engineering textbook. This enabled students to watch, interact with, and learn abstract topics in construction equipment and methods in multiple contexts. The hypothesis of this research is that by establishing a contextual connection between ordinary textbook materials and technologies that students use in their daily routines, student engagement in the learning process improves, students can focus their attention to critical concepts, and instructors will be able to better evaluate students’ progress toward conceptual understanding. In this regard, effectively measuring knowledge transfer and metacognition plays a vital role. To achieve this, several assessment techniques such as teacher-designed feedback forms, group-work evaluations, pre- and post- surveys, and exam evaluations are used to assess all three aspects of the learning process (replicative, applicative, and interpretive). Results, technical discussions, and recommendations are provided in this paper.

Keywords: augmented reality,construction education,pedagogical,cognitive,collaboration,classroom assessment techniques,context-aware

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Series: convr:2013 (browse)
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T. Gajendran and G. Brewer

Cultural analysis for ICT integration: Case study analysis of a construction project

Abstract: Culture is considered central to the way an organization forms and performs. In this regard it can be used to understand and explain organizational phenomena including the level of engagement with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The aim of this paper is to discuss the impact of culture on the extent of ICT integration within the context of a construction project, using the cultural analysis framework proposed by Gajendran & Brewer (2007). This framework maps the influence of culture on the seventeen aspects of ICT integration, enabling the assessment of the impact of culture on the extent of ICT integration. Application of this framework requires deciphering the cultural assumptions or beliefs of key project team members. Therefore an ethnographic interview approach, being a commonly accepted data making technique in cultural studies, was used to extract the tacit cultural beliefs. These beliefs are then transformed into the cultural analysis framework to assess the extent of ICT integration. It was found that the ICT engagement in the case study project was dominated by fragmentation arising from a lack of project leadership combined with non-aligned technology. These negative aspects were offset by underlying trust and respect in the project team.

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Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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