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Line L, Syvertsen T G

Virtual engineering teams: strategy and implementation

Abstract: A medium-sized and distributed (16 regional offices) Norwegian engineering company (ASPLAN-VIAK) has started a transformation to exploit information and communication technology as a potential for organising knowledge work in new modes. The effort does not only challenge technology, but also organisational systems and social constructs. The paper provides a philosophical, technological and social context for a full-scale experiment, and also summmarizes some experiences

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Full text: content.pdf (81,881 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1996 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.social (0.123392) class.deployment (0.019280) class.communication (0.016344)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Ljubljana. The assistance of the editor, Prof. Ziga Turk, is gratefully appreciated.


Line L

Virtual Engineering Teams: Strategy and Implementation

Abstract: A medium-sized and distributed (16 regional offices) Norwegian engineering company (ASPLAN-VIAK) has started a transformation to exploit the potential of digital information and communication technology for organising knowledge work in new modes. The effort does not only challenge technology, but also organisational systems and social constructs. The paper discusses a philosophical, technological and social context for a full-scale experiment, and also summarises some experiences. The study indicates that virtual teams are becoming an interesting and viable way of organising knowledge work. The author believes that virtual teams will be a common and natural organisational form for companies who wants to be part of the open information society.

Keywords: Virtual Engineering Teams, Knowledge Work, and Coordination

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Full text: http://www.itcon.org/1997/3 (available to registered users only)

Series: itcon:1997 (browse)
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Line L

Application sharing - a key service for a distributed organisation

Abstract: This paper is a case study of implementation and use of application sharing in a distributed engineering organisation. Technical aspects and requirements to the infrastructure are addressed, but the focus is on how application sharing is conceived by the users, experiences from use and possible implications for organisation of project teams and support services. Possibilities and critical success factors are identified. Barriers and limitations are also identified. Natural dissemination to all employees has been slower than expected. The time and effort needed to implement the service in an organisation should not be underestimated. However, to many of the engineers, application sharing has become an everyday an indispensable service, enabling distributed solving of closely coupled tasks. The author advocates that a distributed organisation can reap the investment in very short time.

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Full text: content.pdf (70,221 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1998 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.man-man (0.008663) class.social (0.007593) class.deployment (0.007465)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. The assistance of the editors, Prof. Bo-Christer Björk and Dr. Adina Jägbeck, is gratefully appreciated.


Mahmoud O. Abou-Beih, Tamer E. El-Diraby, Baher A. Abdulhai

Coordinating Urban Incident Management & Reconstruction Using Social Web

Abstract: The enormous widespread and relative maturity of collaborative and social applications in Web 2.0 has encouraged metropolitans worldwide to incorporate them into their emergency management systems. This paper describes SWIMS (Semantic Web Based Incident Management System), a middleware system that integrates Web 2.0 collaborative/social applications with software agent technologies on GIS-based platform in an aim to enhance emergency management practices in urban transportation networks. The paper then compares the IT needs of this domain (incident management domain) with those of construction IT. A set of lessons and similarities are explored to guide the development of a collaborative, process-oriented system for urban incident management. Three of the main goals behind developing SWIMS are: (i) efficient information dissemination to increase public awareness of current emergency conditions in order to influence their commuting decisions, (ii) increase public participation in emergencies reporting and description to enhance the efficiency of emergency response processes, (iii) and provide a GIS-based middleware for optimized response resources allocation and management.When it comes to emergency reporting, finding equilibrium between public participation and information credibility is crucial for the system success. In this context, the authors propose a model to validate the integrity of received information; helping to provide a good balance between public participation and information reliability. In addition the paper illustrates the role of software agents in handling the enormous continuous flow of data resulting from massive anticipated public participation and due to the nature of emergency management process in general. Agents communicate using asynchronous message passing, acting as an interface between various Web 2.0 collaboration systems and SWIMS. This also helps to overcome any syntax and/or schematic heterogeneity between SWIMS and collaborative applications data structures. The roles of software agents in response resources allocation and management as well as coordination of relief efforts and decision updates are also discussed. The experiences in developing and implementing this project are thoroughly discussed and analyzed in this paper.

Keywords: multi-agent system, GIS, incident management, social web

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Full text: content.pdf (912,710 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Marasini R, Dawood N

Simulation approach to optimise stockyard layout: a case study in precast concrete products industry

Abstract: The precast concrete products industry supplies 2,000 to 4,000 of different products to the construction industry. The demand for the products is seasonal. The industry builds up the stock in winter to meet the high demand in summer. As large numbers of products varying sizes and weights are involved, different handling and stacking requirements, the process of deciding appropriate locations to stock the products and track them while loading into lorries for dispatch becomes complex. Due to lack of appropriate methodology to manage stockyard layout, the industry experiences space congestion for both the storage and dispatch of products on the yard. During dispatch process, greater retrieval time is required, long queues of lorries (shipping vehicles) are formed, and desired level of service cannot be maintained. This paper describes an ongoing research that addresses the stockyard layout management problem through development of a simulation model, which investigates the effects of using different layout scenarios and handling equipment on the performance of stockyard. A prototype model is being developed using ARENA/SIMAN, a general-purpose simulation language. The model integrates production and forecast schedules, evaluates "what-if" scenarios with different layout, product allocation to storage locations and order picking policies. The performance of stockyard is evaluated through vehicle waiting time, vehicle queue lengths, stockyard space utilisation and the cost of storage and dispatch of products. This paper presents the simulation modelling concepts, input data analysis, first prototype model development and the strategies used to develop an integrated layout evaluation simulation model.

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Full text: content.pdf (348,189 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2000 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.strategies (0.007057) class.retrieve (0.004884) class.deployment (0.004883)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by Icelandic Building Research Institute. The assistance of the editor, Mr. Gudni Gudnason, is gratefully appreciated


Martin Ebner, Ulrich Walder

E-learning in civil engineering – six years of experience at Graz university of technology

Abstract: At Graz University of Technology a lot of experience in the investigation of possibilities of using Multime-dia or Internet based applications in Higher Education has been gathered. Especially in the field of civil engineering we can look back to six years of practice in this field. In 2001 the project iVISiCE (interactive Visualizations in Civil Engineering) was started. A great number of web based animations, visualisations and interactive learning objects have been developed for visualisation and simulation of ba-sic structural concrete relations. During the last two years the buzzword Web 2.0 shocked the traditional e-Learning World. The Internet got more inter-active and usable for end-users. Phrases like “user-generated-content” and “give-and-take-culture” pervade our daily life. From this point of view the Institute of Building Informatics decided to teach using these new tools in order to gather experiences and to play a kind of pioneering role in this field. Since winter 2005 a Wiki is used to support the main lectures of the institute. Students wrote articles themselves and collaborated in the process of learning a pro-gramming language. Finally, since this semester Podcasting has started. This means that each lecture is recorded and provided to the students in various file formats. The paper gives an overview about all activities within the last six years. Beginning with animations and ending with the use of Web 2.0 applications, like Wikis or Podcasts, we have always tried to ensure high quality of our education. In the summary it is clear that these small, but regular innovations definitely helped to improve the lectures in the field of civil engineering.

Keywords: e-learning, building informatics, structural concrete, web 2.0, wiki, podcast

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Full text: content.pdf (828,760 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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Maydl P, Nausner A, Rysavy E

Organizing the information flow within a planning team: experiences, problems and solutions from a practically-oriented R&D-project

Abstract: Within the scope of the research project "Virtual Technology Park - Resource Saving inConstruction" a new approach was developed to reduce resource consumption (materials, energy,money) over the lifetime of a building. Furthermore, flexibility in planning should increase byimplementing combined organizational and technical measures to improve information flow duringthe planning process.To reach this goal, appropriate tools are needed: content-related, on the organizational level, andsupported by an "enabling infrastructure". The respective project results are a computational modelto assess the resource consumption for a building over its lifetime, an Information DependencyMatrix to improve project manageability, and employment of a document management system tofacilitate data exchange and co-ordination between project members.

Keywords: Virtual Technology Park, Virtual Enterprise, information requirements, informationdependency, document management, data management, resources, communication

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Full text: content.pdf (187,402 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: ecce:2001 (browse)
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Myllymaki R

The cost estimating as the integrator between design and production

Abstract: Generally, the cost estimating is the first process where the design information meet the production information. It is very important that this integration succeeds; otherwise the same procedures are carried out several times while wasting resources. If the cost estimating processes and tools are well designed, the production planning, the procurement, the purchasing and the management tasks can both utilise and enrich the information produced on the design and the cost estimating phases. The focus of this paper is on the conceptual models of cost estimating tools and it is based on the research work and experiences collected during the last decade in Finland.

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Full text: content.pdf (66,532 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1998 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.economic (0.025205) class.deployment (0.009553) class.strategies (0.005682)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. The assistance of the editors, Prof. Bo-Christer Björk and Dr. Adina Jägbeck, is gratefully appreciated.


N Blinn, M Robey, H Shanbari, R R A Issa

Using Augmented Reality to Enhance Construction Management Educational Experiences

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Full text: content.pdf (506,160 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2015 (browse)
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N. Shaw, D. Bouchlaghem, D. Kerr

Strategic review of the production of a 4D construction sequencing model – the lessons learnt

Abstract: Construction project losses can often be associated to information failures caused by poor coordination between the multi-disciplinary organisations that deliver them. Information failure could include late, inaccurate, in-adequate and inconsistent information. 4D Construction Sequencing Models (CSM) seek to improve the coordination of design, plant, equipment and labour through the visual representation of the construction process by linking project programmes with 3D design information. This paper reports on the experiences of a major UK contractor during the development of a 4D CSM, with a focus on the lessons learnt and the recommendations made. Team problem solving workshops, semi-structured interviews and a lean study review were conducted to establish these findings. The concluding recommendations not only highlighted the importance of establishing a standard method and proce-dure, but also identified several software limitations that have subsequently been reported to the developers and will be incorporated as future enhancements. The challenge of maximising the value of 4D CSM for clients and change man-agement also form key topics within the paper.

Keywords: 4D, construction, sequencing, process, lean

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Full text: content.pdf (326,990 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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