Bloomfield D, Faraj I, Jarvis P, Anumba C
Managing and exploiting knowledge assets in the construction industry
Abstract: This paper reviews knowledge-based and decision support techniques in the
construction industry with a view to highlighting how construction
organisations can exploit knowledge as an asset. It introduces Knowledge
Management and Decision Support Techniques and provides information on
example applications that demonstrate their use in construction and nonconstruction
sectors. Guidelines for deciding on the suitability of
knowledge-based techniques for solving a given problem are provided.
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Research Press of the National Research Council of Canada. The support of the editors, particularly Dr. Dana Vanier, is gratefully appreciated.
Igal M. Shohet, Bhanu Tak, Massimiliano Luzi and Matty Revivi
On-Site Mobile Application for Enhanced Safety and Quality
Abstract: Two of the most important factors that site managers have to control during construction are safety and quality. We envisage that the emergence of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) systems could be of great use in effectively promoting safety and quality and exploiting the synergy between these two disciplines. The objectives of this research were to investigate the relationship between safety and quality using an on-site mobile application for communication, control and command of construction safety and quality. A system of key safety and quality performance indicators was compiled in order to evaluate the potential benefits. Safety and quality leading indicators were recorded prior and after intervention process using on-site mobile application. The results showed an improvement of 30% in Quality Indicator (Q.I), 20% in Safety Indicator 1 (S.I.1) and 42% in Safety Indicator 2 (S.I.2) and these differences were found to be statistically significant at the level of 0.99.
Keywords: Communication, Control, Mobile Technology, Quality, Safety
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Nicola Moretti, Sebastiano Maltese, Mario Claudio Dejaco and Fulvio Re Cecconi
GIS Supporting Surveys for Urban Sustainability Assessment
Abstract: Urban Facility Management (UFM) is an effective framework to support management of the complexity of the city environment, to optimise resources, enhance quality and guarantee citizenŐs safety. Nevertheless, it can be observed a lack of standardised objective tools for urban quality assessment of existing neighbourhoods. In this paper, a procedure for urban sustainability assessment exploiting Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Database Management Systems (DBMS) and mobile devices is presented. A system called District Information Model (DIM) is employed for this purpose, in order to detect the anomalies and enable evaluation of urban componentsŐ average conservation status. The results of the survey supported the implementation of an UFM service in an Italian Neighbourhood, near Milan. UFM can be intended as a framework to pursuit urban sustainability objectives, in the wider context of Europe 2020 strategy. Thus, the process leading to urban sustainability reporting through the DIM has been investigated, through a case study research. In conclusion, the system can be seen as a risk prevention tool both for citizens and professionals working for management of built environment; and as a sustainability assessment tool compliant with most recognised Neighbourhood Sustainability Assessment (NSA) protocols.
Keywords: Urban Facility Management, Information Modelling, Neighbourhood Sustainability Assessment, District Survey and Management
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