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Duarte J P

Order and diversity within a modular system for housing

Abstract: This study evolves within the larger context of developing a housing production process that uses new technologies in order to allow industrialization in an innovative way, and so avoiding traditional industrialized processes flaws, such as the lack of housing customization and neighborhood diversity. It introduces elements of a methodology to achieve order and diversity in the systematic design of street facades within a modular system for housing. In its context both order and diversity refer to the spatial arrangement of architectural elements; order emphasizes repetition, whereas diversity emphasizes variation.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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Ercoskun K, Kanoglu A

Customer relationships management in AEC sector

Abstract: Quality is the major guide for enterprises in terms of competitive strength of organizations in the information age. While globalization increases its impact throughout the world, the term “Quality” expands its meaning and the cultural and social aspects of quality becomes the most important contributors of the product quality. The customer orientation of the finished product and after sales service is becoming vital in terms of marketing. Industrialized sectors had been providing solutions in that sense under the Total Quality Management (TQM) principles since the early 80’s. For the Architecture/Engineering/Construction (AEC) sector, several managerial tools and techniques has been adapted but these partial solutions do not perform well enough as they did success in other industrialized sectors. This is probably because the need for an enterprise-wide customer orientation infrastructure is not yet proposed. This paper discusses the early concepts about a “Customer Relationships Management” (CRM) model for the AEC sector which, CRM to be the foundation for TQM; issuing that CRM is the key enabler for any tool or technique towards quality and industrialization. .

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Full text: content.pdf (1,080,976 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2003 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Auckland. The assistance of the editor who provided the full texts and the structured metadata, Dr. Robert Amor, is gratefully appreciated.


M Abdul Ghafar, R Ibrahim, Z Shari

Embedding Cultural Knowledge in Building Information Modeling (BIM) for Fabrication Efficiency to Reduce Industrialized Construction Waste

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Full text: content.pdf (58,767 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2014 (browse)
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R Ibrahim, A Rashidi, N S Said, M S Othman

Engaging Capability Training in Serious Game Technology for Delivering Industrialized Construction

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Full text: content.pdf (73,142 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2014 (browse)
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Tamás Rácz, Anders Rönneblad, Thomas Olofsson

Energy Analysis Automation for Industrialized Construction Processes

Abstract: Industrialized building systems such as Skanska ModernaHus or Skanska Exchange need advanced computer systems to support product configuration processes effectively. The project phases like capturing requirements, design document creation, performance analysis, scheduling and all other activities need to be done automatically at least to a certain extent or fully automated for the maximum benefits. This paper demonstrates the development of an automated building energy analysis software module which is going to be part of an experimental configuration system for Skanska’s ModernaHus concept buildings. The paper shows the process of software module development from identifying software requirements, through the selection of system architecture to implementation. The selected approach should provide adequate level of flexibility to support its re-use in other similar systems in the future. We conclude the paper with discussion on the operation and the integration of the module in a complete configurator system as well as on the first results of efficiency and on the possible further usage for design optimization. We also show through this experimental development how future design team roles may shift from classic design tasks to development tasks of product configuration systems for industrialized construction processes.

Keywords: Industrialized Construction, Automation, Energy Analysis, Configuration System

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Full text: content.pdf (222,251 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Thomas Olofsson, Patrik Jensen, Anders Ronneblad

Configuration and Design Automation of Industrialised Building Systems

Abstract: Construction companies in Sweden have for many years been moving work from site to factories, especially in the timber housing industry. Also, these factories are installing more and more automated production lines calling for better integration between design and production. So far, design tools in the construction industry have often been developed without the possibility of parameterization, design automation or direct connections with Computer Numeric Control (CNC) and do not integrate easily with other tools used by different disciplines. Much of recent research has been focused on improving the information flow in the traditional building process by focusing on interfaces between discipline specific analysis and design software. Also, the constraints imposed by the developed building systems cannot not be easily transferred ‘upstream’ the design process. This paper aims to investigate the management of information flow between architects, engineering and production in the design of industrialized building systems. Furthermore, the possibilities of parameterization and design automation is investigated for the implementation of rules and constraints imposed by the building system in design tools used by architects and engineers with the purpose of reducing non-compatible design solutions and to integrate the information flow with the engineering and production process. First, building systems are classified according to customer order decoupling point in the product specification process. Building systems classified as configure-to-order or select-variant are suitable candidates for implementing configuration systems. Then, the information flow is demonstrated in the configuration of a timber floor slab. It is concluded that the engineering design can be automated to a large extent using configuration tools if the architectural design obey the rules imposed by the building system. Also, the amount of data transferred between architect and engineer is reduced since much of the information and knowledge is transferred into formal computer interpretable knowledge.

Keywords: Building system, design automation, information flow, parameterization and constraint based design

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Full text: content.pdf (358,298 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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Yamazaki Y

Strategic exploitation of information technology in management of large-scale construction projects

Abstract: "This paper aims to clarify future direction of strategic exploitation of information technology (IT) for management of large scale construction projects, such as super high-rise office buildings, condominiums and amusement facilities. More and more construction companies are finding IT to be their most strategic option in meeting increased competition. However, in the same way that there are many different perceptions of the problem, there are many different viewpoints regarding the strategic exploitation of IT. Many of the research efforts in this direction have been carried forth in the context of benchmarking the best practice among different industries, companies and processes. The benchmarking is a methodology to assist construction firms by evaluating the performance of existing processes, functions, technologies and organizations in which they operate currently. Current IT applications in the field of project management are divided into four major areas:1)Process management based on scheduling systems, 2) Product management based on CAD systems, 3) Technology Management using integrated planning systems, and 4) Real-time construction management by monitoring systems. Since large scale construction projects have particular characteristics such as complexity in environmental conditions and diversity in projects participants, efficient planning and management systems are relevant. Major findings in IT strategy through comparison of several types of large scale construction projects are :1)Function oriented approaches to establish planning and management functions as IT centers such as material transportation management center and machine control center, that can communicate each other via Intranet, 2)Performance of IT systems are well depend on the levels of integration of IT and construction technologies such as automated construction systems and industrialized production systems and 3) Communication systems for daily project management using meeting system and IC card system are widely applied. Since these implies future directions of IT applications and project management methodology, further discussions are described to establish a framework for intentional comparative analysis among them."

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Full text: content.pdf (269,308 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2000 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.strategies (0.042184) class.communication (0.019636) class.roadmaps (0.011088)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by Icelandic Building Research Institute. The assistance of the editor, Mr. Gudni Gudnason, is gratefully appreciated


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