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Hamouda M J

Developing structural programs using spread sheet based software

Abstract: During last decade, computer processing has been exceedingly replacing manual calculations in performing structural analysis and design. Proprietary software gained great popularity because of their reliability and the saving they achieve and has covered a large area in designlanalysis work requirement. Yet, a number of structural tasks is still uncovered and requires customized software that should be developed to the specific requirement of users who are - in majority - structural engineers (not necessarily specialized in computer programming). For those users who need to develop customized programs to address the areas uncovered by readily available proprietary software, SPREAD SHEET BASED SOFTWARE offers a suitable base. In this paper, the term SSBS will mean a proprietary software based on spread sheet format which can be used as a media to develop customized programs to serve specific engineering requirements. As examples to that are the LOTUS 1-2-3 and the MS EXCEL.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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Howard R

Monitoring use of communications on a partneringproject

Abstract: The 'Process and product development in the building industry' (PPB) projectin Denmark has acted as a test bed for various types of innovation in buildingsocial housing since 1995. Four consortia developed methods of design andconstruction that were tested on a series of similar housing projects. Thedevelopment project was supported by the Ministries of Industry and Housing,who commissioned the ITbyg group to monitor use of information technology.Partnering between the designers and constructors, should have been verysuitable for electronic communication. DTU studied various media used duringboth design and construction stages. It carried out Social Network Analysis ofthe number of messages, and partners involved, in different methods of sharingdata. This is a case study of one consortium and describes its communicationsover a two-week period and their use to solve a design problem. It found thatelectronic communication was little used to solve the problem, but Email wasgenerally used and Project Webs were being tried. However even 5 years ofpartnering is too short for a project team to change its methods of working.

Keywords: Partnering, Communications, Project Web, Social Network Analysis, Housing

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Full text: content.pdf (313,284 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: ecce:2001 (browse)
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Klinc Robert

DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED LEARNING TOOL FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING

Abstract: Today, we live in the world where the information and communication technologies are developing faster than ever before. We receive information and learn from a variety of sources. However, such learning is rarely related to the official programmes of higher education. Lecturers must compete with, for example, Discovery channel, games and/or other audio/video/internet media. That is why many students today have great expectations which even the well prepared and quality books cannot satisfy. Besides, it is difficult to attract their attention when the lessons are not dynamic and the lectured subject is not illustrated as it could be, considering all the technologies available. This paper describes a possible approach for teaching the basics of earthquake engineering through the use of animations (simulations) and active participation of the students. It could be a great addition to classical teaching methods in civil and earthquake engineering. Besides, the idea and the development of the prototype of the learning tool are described. That type of media gives the lecturer the opportunity to animate students, to give them the possibility to dig deeper into the discussed subject, and to learn through experimenting (‘playing’) with carefully prepared examples.

Keywords: computer based learning

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Full text: content.pdf (407,710 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: other (browse)
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Lehto M, Himanen V

Multidisciplinary information management in const- ruction industry, example of facilities management

Abstract: : Information management is mainly dealt as a research problem of information services or as a database management problem of CAD systems. In this paper several approaches to the construction information handling are discussed; information creation, transfer and retrieval. Actually, construction information management is a multidisciplinary task; a mixture of parameters of informatics, technology, and organisation. The CAD system design and the R&D of CAD systems could benefit from the development and problem solving of the problems not only common to it but also from the problem solving of the fields which are related to it. The answer for a specific information request is still best found by various means, also other than those of the ICT. Various aspects, such as 1 the type ICT, 2 the type and form of information, 3 the possibilities to understand the message, 4 information availability and gaps, 5 the purpose of information usage either scientific or industrial, 6 the type of building, for which the information is needed, and even 7 the status of the stakeholder in need of knowledge, all effect on the accessibility of information. Such means as information gateways, new media, electronic libraries, CAD (Computer Aided Design) in VR (Virtual Reality), and IFM (Integrated Facilities Management), as well as modelling of comprehension and information sharing of knowledge transformation from tacit to explicit are working for the common goal, which is to make the access to construction information easier.

Keywords: information retrieval, information service, Electronic Information Services (EIS), Intelligent Buildings (IB), Integrated Facilities Management (IFM), knowledge modelling

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Full text: http://www.itcon.org/2002/14 (available to registered users only)

Series: itcon:2002 (browse)
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M N Bakht, T E El-Diraby

What does Social Media Say about the Infrastructure Construction Project?

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Full text: content.pdf (749,185 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2013 (browse)
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M Nik-Bakht, M Hosseini, T E El-Diraby

Sustweetability: Infrastructure Sustainability-Related Topic Classification in Social Media

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Full text: content.pdf (4,085,009 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2015 (browse)
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McMeel D,Amor R

Ecosystem information models: visualizing complex data to support collaborative decision making

Abstract: There is considerable interest in ‘open data’ with many administrations launching, or involved in, programmes to make government data open and available. From geographical information systems (GIS) to infrastructure data and building information models (BIMs), it is believed that access to this data will contribute to productivity and efficiency gains. Yet there remains uncertainty surrounding how stakeholders involved in design, construction and maintenance of the built environment might benefit from this unlocked information. We begin this paper by looking at a specific government initiative providing access to built environment datasets - we investigate and compare the different approaches for accessing this information-base. With speculation that open access will lead to huge benefits in productivity, particularly through interoperability, the second part of our paper implements a system to explore the federation of this data and the results of its interoperation in a collaborative visual environment. While prediction models continue to be problematic when simulating multiple complex and interdependent factors of the built environment concurrently, here we appropriate data and exploit it within decision-support systems. A Systems that provides a qualitative virtual 3D rendering of what is otherwise prosaic or opaque technical information, providing the potential to federate, align and compare otherwise disparate sources of data. Arguably access to open data has not revolutionized consumer computing, but it has played an important part in combination with the emergence of other technologies such as mobile devices, Wi-Fi and location aware computing. Here we critique ‘open data’ initiatives for design and construction, and ask what part they might play—in combination with other technologies—to help deliver on the promise of productivity.

Keywords: Design,Digital Media,Interoperability,Data,Ecosystem

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Full text: content.pdf (666,955 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: convr:2013 (browse)
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Meissner U F, Ruben J

Middleware-based modelling and simulation of geotechnical structures

Abstract: Modern large scaled buildings are erected on rather complex foundations. The design and analysis of these geotechnical systems requires a high quality of computer modelling and simulation. Therefore, it is necessary to model all geotechnical structural elements in a realistic and practice-oriented way. Due to the complexity of geotechnical structures object-oriented models are most appropriate. To solve large problems by means of the finite element method using a multi-component-continua theory for partially saturated porous media, it is necessary to parallelize the discretization and the simulation of the soil models. Furthermore, new communication methods permit the distribution of discretization and simulation processes by accessing computer clusters through the Internet.

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Full text: content.pdf (816,285 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2003 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Auckland. The assistance of the editor who provided the full texts and the structured metadata, Dr. Robert Amor, is gratefully appreciated.


Milton T

Media matters

Abstract: A cognitive explanation is offered 011 why media matters In designing. The explanation provides a conceptual frarrrework for distinguishing types of design tools.

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Full text: content.pdf (551,490 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1993 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.synthesis (0.049790) class.analysis (0.043624)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the National University of Singapore. The assistance of the editors, particularly Prof. Martin Betts, is gratefully appreciated.


Mottonen V, Pakanen J

On-line fault diagnosis using internet and www pages

Abstract: The Internet or lntranet provides a useful media for diagnostic applications of HVAC systems. Compared to a written service manual, WWW representation offers a versatile tool for deliver- ing relevant diagnostic information to servicemen and customers. It makes it possible to change, correct and update diagnostic information and immediately send it to all users. Web pages can be linked to real diagnostic back-end programs running in a server computer. Such an extension creates interactive communication between the customer and the server that dif- fers from a classic clientlserver model. This paper presents necessary techniques and appro- priate tools for creating on-line interactive diagnostic applications on the Web. The technique is demonstrated in the fault diagnosis of an oil burner.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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