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Doherty J M

Maximising the benefits from IT integration for architectural project documentation

Abstract: The development of Information Technology is traced. The impact of this on the communication processes of the AEC industry is noted. The paper identifies current trends and imminent developments. Out of this it projects some of the options that might be regarded as feasible, likely, and to safe to assume. It suggests that present technoloy and imminent technology have reached the stage in which a fundamental shift in the methods USed for architectural project design and documentation is already occurring. This has created a major dilemma for designers and project managers. It is suggested that there is no middle ground or evolutionary choice and the paper warns of the practical consequences of an ill planned transition. lt presents a strategy for maximising the benefits in the production of architectural communication and project documentation through the use of IT.

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Full text: content.pdf (1,585,795 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1993 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.social (0.037471) class.environment (0.033993) class.impact (0.033102)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the National University of Singapore. The assistance of the editors, particularly Prof. Martin Betts, is gratefully appreciated.


E Collins

Experience in CAD 1976 - 1984

Abstract: During 1976 a building modelling system (RUCAPS), developed in the UK, was used by an architectural practice to assist in preliminary design, detailed design, and contract documentation for a major Middle East University. This system was used extensively for architectural input and it was accepted that backgrounds in plot form would be issued to the other consultants concerned, none of whom operated CAD facilities and were all based in the USA.

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Full text: content.pdf (767,269 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1984 (browse)
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Ikeda M, Sekihara Y, Itoh N

Construction planning system for high-rise buildings using an object-based model

Abstract: Fujita Corporation, a leading general contractor in Japan, has sought to apply the products of CIC research to middle and high-rise buildings constructed using the PC (precast concrete) method. CIC activities focused on the development of a framework comprised of a family of products that share information for centering around 15-storied steel-frame reinforced concrete (SRC) buildings constructed using the HPC method . This output from the structural design process is manipulated further by other products that support construction planning and management.In this paper, we will explain in detail two products that were developed to generate a product model for buildings and to utilize this information for preliminary construction planning such as the crane selection ,evaluation of scheduling of this , and preliminary cost estimation . Lastly we state about present problem of this framework and a future direction of these systems.

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Full text: content.pdf (195,141 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1996 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.analysis (0.016127) class.roadmaps (0.009587) class.strategies (0.008387)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the University of Ljubljana. The assistance of the editor, Prof. Ziga Turk, is gratefully appreciated.


Quan Mao and Nan Li

Resilience Assessment of Interdependent Critical Infrastructure Systems

Abstract: The resilience of critical infrastructure systems (CISs), in terms of the containment of spreading of system failures and function losses, and the effectiveness of post-disturbance restoration, is largely determined by how the CISs are interconnected and their interactions with each other. Despite the wide recognition of their significance in the literature, the impact of the interdependencies on the resilience of the CISs has rarely been quantitatively assessed, and the mechanism of such impact has largely remained unknown. This study models CISs interdependencies with two typical network-based models, simulates the destruction and restoration stages of the interconnected CISs under various assumptions and settings, and based on the simulation results assesses the level of resilience of the CISs with two typical resilience metrics. A case study was conducted in a middle-sized city in China. The results showed that the resilience of the CISs may be overestimated by more than 20% if interdependencies of the CISs are not factored in. The findings suggested that to conduct comprehensive damage estimation of extreme events and optimize the efficiency of post-event restoration tasks, it is critical to consider the interdependencies of CISs and appropriately account for their impact.

Keywords: Critical Infrastructure, Interdependency, Resilience, Resilience Metric, Cascading Failure, Restoration

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0233

Full text: content.pdf (841,943 bytes) (available to registered users only)

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R Al-Sabah, C C Menassa, A Hanna

Evaluating Significant Risks in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) Construction Projects from Perspective of Multinational Firms

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Full text: content.pdf (277,221 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2012 (browse)
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Salvaneschi P, Lazzari M

Weak information systems for technical data management

Abstract: Daily operation of structures and plants requires to manage and integrate large amounts of technical information. Existing approaches span from “no integration” to “strong integration” based on a common data base or product model. We propose concepts and technology to develop types of information systems in the middle. We call them “Weak Information Systems”. The basic concept is to add to the layer of existing information a new layer of multiple partial models of products and processes. INTERNET technologies are well suited for implementation. An example of information system for Dams management is presented.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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Slavenburg S F, Van Straten T M H

Information technology in the strategy of a middlesized construction company

Abstract: This paper presents how Slavenburg's Bouwbedrijven B.V. uses IT in their Design/Build concept. This concept necessitates a migration in culture: moving from being a component in a production process, towards offering a total product. The paper presents experiential knowledge gained from implementing sophisticated computer tools, applications and networks in a middle-sized construction company. Some practical views of IT implementation are presented and discussed, including the selection of hardware platform, software suites, and applications. The advantages of centralised services are also discussed. In summary, the use of IT has provided new opportunities for the company and has helped the company's migration to Design/Build.

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Full text: content.pdf (71,294 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1999 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.communication (0.014947) class.strategies (0.012068) class.bestPractise (0.004542)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Research Press of the National Research Council of Canada. The support of the editors, particularly Dr. Dana Vanier, is gratefully appreciated.


Tat N H, Lansley P

Organisation Structure, Management Style and IT The Case of Hong Kong Chinese Building Companies

Abstract: The paper reports a study of how managers of Hong Kong Chinese building firms have changed their styles of management and the organisation of their firms in response to the introduction of information technology. In some cases these changes have been quite marked and have led to the erosion of the role and influence of middle managers as information has become more readily available to senior and lower level managers. The study suggests that the conflicts between traditional management philosophies and those required of IT can be resolved and used to strengthen commitment to organisational performance.

Keywords: information technology; culture; organisation structure; management style

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Full text: content.pdf (673,505 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1993 (browse)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the National University of Singapore. The assistance of the editors, particularly Prof. Martin Betts, is gratefully appreciated.


W Haas

Documents for the Contractor - StLB

Abstract: In the middle of 1960 the public authorities of the federal state of Nordrhein Westfalen in West Germany began to use data processing to produce documents, i.e. building descriptions for contractors. They started with existing sample building descriptions and soon realized, that these documents were nor suitable for data processing. A special committee the Joint Committee on Electronics in the Buildings Industry (Gemeinsamer Ausschuss Elektronik im Bauwesen, GAEB) was founded in 1966 to develop building descriptions, suitable for electronic data processing. The committee developed the StLB (Standard Library of Descriptions of Building Works) as a common language in the building industry. Similar developments could be observed in other German speaking countries such as Austria and Switzerland but also in Great Britain.

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Full text: content.pdf (789,487 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1984 (browse)
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Zarli A, Rezgui Y

A survey of internet-oriented technologies for document-driven applications in construction open dynamic virtual environments

Abstract: "Various technologies ranging from standards for data exchange and product / process modeling, to integration through the use of object-oriented technologies, have been experimented and used in order to highlight the benefits of information and communication technologies in the construction domain. In particular, this last decade has seen a tremendous activity in new specifications and developments of standards and architectures for enterprise application integration. Indeed, integration and seamless communication between software applications (proprietary and commercial) are increasingly becoming fundamental issues tackled by a variety of emerging technologies. However, all these latest IT developments didn’t have the expected impact on the construction industry. This is due to several factors, including poor investment in construction IT by SMEs, and mismatch between IT innovations and Construction industry needs. In fact, behind the global issue of application integration within the (real or virtual) enterprise, appear a lot of architectural problems (along with the “right” selection of tools, toolboxes and infrastructures) that take a critical dimension in the case of open systems and standard issues. The building sector is essentially characterised by its fragmentation, with a high proportion of SMEs involved in the design and build process of Construction projects: this means, from a macroscopic point of view, that designed infrastructures must be adequate to support Extranets and Virtual enterprises. Consequently, the problematic is not only to ensure internal communication between systems as in a single, even large, company, but to provide the required capacity to exchange information and collaborate outside the boundaries of the information systems constituting the IT infrastructure of a company, including means to organise the flow of information and the co-ordination of tasks. To address the issues of communication and interoperability, several routes have been explored and are still under development: after an initial phase related to bulk exchange of documents, middleware has become the focus, with investigations around CORBA or DCOM (for middleware-oriented application integration), and MOM (for the routing and formatting “on-the-fly” of messages). More recently, new architectures have been suggested, especially the now well-known 3-Tier based architecture and application servers (Client desktop – middle-tier Web or application server – DBMS/persistent storage). Eventually, technologies dedicated to the Web has risen, particularly the XML technology, and Java-oriented technologies like JSP and servlets. Driven by the identification of intra- and inter-company business processes and information / process requirements of the Construction domain, and also on case studies and experiments conducted in previous European projects, including VEGA, GENIAL and CONDOR, this paper proposes a survey and first evaluation of open Internet-oriented technology and standards for use in open dynamic virtual environments, and analyses the potential usefulness of some current technologies, specifically MOM, CORBA, XML, and application servers (for the handling of business objects). The paper also highlights the benefits of using XML, as a technology for flexible and dynamic representation of complex objects (including documents) and their stream-based interchange, along with distributed object frameworks such as CORBA for remote access to data. Finally, the paper concentrates on the need related to the design of an infrastructure for application integration and tasks collaboration, and elaborates on how recent IT fit into architectures required for the specific needs and peculiarities of the construction industry. 1. Message Oriented Middleware. 2. Java Server Pages. 3. This work is realised in the scope of the OSMOS European project: Open System for inter-enterprise information Management in dynamic virtual envirOnmentS, IST-1999-10491 project."

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Full text: content.pdf (308,492 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2000 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.software-software (0.082384) class.communication (0.039950) class.collaboration (0.028661)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by Icelandic Building Research Institute. The assistance of the editor, Mr. Gudni Gudnason, is gratefully appreciated


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