Integrated Computer-aided Building Design; Research, Development and Standardization in the Nordic Countries
Full text: content.pdf (1,104,027 bytes) (available to registered users only)
G Gudnason, J Hyvärinen, C Finne & S Larsson
eProCon: electronic Product Information in Construction
Abstract: The lack of industry standards and agreements for electronic presentation of information on building products is hampering seamless eWork, eProcurement and integration of value chain activities in the construction industry. Technical and trade information about building products is not available in electronic form to designers, contractors and facility managers that would make it possible for them to easily re-use it in design systems and to find, compare and procure products on-line. The eProCon project brings together nine partner organizations: the Building Information Centers in all five Nordic countries, two technology partners and two research institutes. The purpose of this consortium is to demonstrate a dynamic value adding information services network in the Nordic countries for brokering building product information by electronic means. The Building Information Centers have been brokering building product information on behalf of manufactures for more then 20 years to the construction sector, using proprietary information systems that are incompatible in content, functionality and technical solution. The primary impact the eProCon project will have on the current state of the art is enabling interoperability between these systems and allowing them to share content (and enrich the content), thus becoming one virtual service available for all Nordic end-users. The demonstrated integration platform, applying Service Oriented Architecture, includes: 1) the core integration layer enabling the existing Nordic information services and a new product portal to act as a single Nordic virtual service to its end-user, 2) the update layer enabling manufacturers and suppliers to interact with the information contained in the services and 3) the catalog layer, which enables 3rd party buy applications to access the information. The paper will report on the approach selected in the eProCon project and first prototype implementations.
Full text: content.pdf (458,518 bytes) (available to registered users only)
Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Technische Universität Dresden.
Howard R, Kiviniemi A, Samuelson O
The latest developments in communications and e-commerce - IT barometer in 3 Nordic countries
Abstract: Electronic communication and new forms of electronic commerce have been some
of the fastest growing areas in information technology in construction. Denmark,
Finland and Sweden are in the forefront of applying these technologies, and a
recent repeat of the IT Barometer survey of the construction industry presents
information from firms of: architects, property owners and managers, contractors,
consulting engineers and others. This was first carried out in 1998. Comparisons
are now made between levels of IT use then and in 2000/2001, and between the
three countries involved.
The paper-based survey was developed at KTH in Sweden and the same questions
were asked in Denmark and Finland. The survey includes: levels of staff, access to
equipment and communications, current and future use of applications software,
Intranets and Project Webs, e-commerce, future intentions, benefits and problems.
The general aim is to measure progress in take up of technology and compare
The analysis indicates significant differences, with Denmark and Finland having a
high level of staff access to PCs and e-mail and Finland making greater use of
Project Webs and Intranets. The most interesting comparison is in attitudes to
financial control systems, where Swedish and Danish companies place better
financial control as a high priority, while it has dropped in importance in Finland.
Swedish and Danish companies appear to have most of the CAD facilities they
need, but in Finland this is still a priority for investment. A reduced proportion of
drawing work is carried out manually by architects and engineers in all three
countries, around 15 - 20% for Denmark and Sweden, while this has reduced in
Finland from 34% to 6% in the last 3 years and, in Sweden, from 36 - 14% . Ecommerce
is most fully developed in Finland where over three quarters of
companies have some experience of its use.
Full text: content.pdf (68,499 bytes) (available to registered users only)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.commerce (0.075532)
Sound: read aloud.
Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by the Aarhus School of Architecture, Denmark. The assistnace of the editor, Prof. Kristian Agger, is gratefully aprecciated.
IT-Barometer 2000 - The Use of IT in the Nordic Construction Industry
Abstract: The IT Barometer 2000 was carried out in the autumn 2000 in Sweden, and in the spring 2001 in Denmark and Finland, as a follow up to the first survey, the IT Barometer 1998. This paper presents the most significant results from the Swedish survey and a few selected results from the comparison between the three countries. The Swedish survey was sent out to a statistically chosen selection from the whole country, divided into architects, engineers, contractors, property owners and manufacturer/trade. The survey produced knowledge about the use of computers, hard- and software, communications, and plans and strategies for the use of IT. 88 % of all employees work at workplaces with computers. The most common types of software are word processors, administration and e-mail. 54 % of employees have their own computer at the workplace. The use of CAD in general has increased and the use of model based CAD software has increased among architects. Property owners are those who use computers most widely in their core business, while contractors do this the least. The documents that are most often sent digitally are minutes of meetings and construction drawings. 83 % of all employees work at workplaces with access to the Internet and 45 % have access to the Internet from their own computer. The use of project webs and electronic trade in the industry has started but it is not widespread. Many companies are still increasing their investments in IT but the speed of increase is slowing down. The industry experiences that IT has increased productivity, mostly in general administration. Consultants experience a higher productivity rise than contractors. The greatest advantages with IT are stated as better financial control and faster access to information, while the greatest obstacles are costs, which are too high for investment and upgrading of systems. The motives and plans for IT investments are concentrated on well-tried techniques in the companies' support business. The comparison between Sweden, Denmark and Finland shows that Finland and Denmark have a greater use of model based CAD and that more employers have their own computer at the workplace. Companies in Sweden think they get better financial control with IT and also prioritise costing/cost control and accounting systems to a greater extent.
Keywords: survey, IT, construction industry, computers, CAD, communication, the Nordic countries
Full text: http://www.itcon.org/2002/1 (available to registered users only)
Sound: read aloud.
Development trends in the Nordic countries, framework for further R&D collaboration
Full text: content.pdf (5,123,547 bytes) (available to registered users only)