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Annie Guerriero, Sylvain Kubicki, Gilles Halin

A model-based approach to develop a dashboard tool integrating trust concepts in AEC

Abstract: In the Architecture Engineering and Construction (AEC) sector, cooperation between actors is essential for project success. During the building construction activity, the organization of actors is both hierarchical, transver-sal and adhocratic. Moreover, the quality of cooperation is fundamentally influenced by the management of interde-pendences between tasks and between actors. In this context, the development of new assistance tools has to integrate these heterogeneous parameters relative to coordination and trust. We inspired about Model-Driven Engineering ap-proach to propose a models infrastructure integrating cooperation context modelling and views modelling. We develop on the basis of this infrastructure a dashboard dedicated to the building site coordinator. This tool currently in design stage provides indicators about the trust in the good progression of activity. Moreover, it would enable context under-standing by combining these indicators in a multi-views interface. Thus, the user could navigate in the context using multiple views like meeting report, planning, performance evaluation, or 3D mock-up, and obtain more information about a particular indicator.

Keywords: building construction, cooperation, coordination, trust, process modelling, dashboard, model-driven en-gineering

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Full text: content.pdf (1,622,431 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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B. Becerik-Gerber & S. Rice

An Assessment of Building Information Modeling Value and Use

Abstract: With the implementation and use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) comes the need to understand where the industry as a whole stands in the execution process. This paper outlines benchmarks relating to implementation and value assessment of progression within the U.S. Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. With these benchmarks industry members will be able to understand where the industry stands in terms of BIM implementation and use and also measure their own development in relation to the industry.

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Full text: content.pdf (56,163 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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B.H. Goh

Progression in IT adoption and stage of IT maturity in the construction sector of Singapore

Abstract: The IT maturity model, based on Nolanís Stages of Growth Model, is applied to analyse the characteristics of IT users, IT facilitators and IT providers in relation to their respective degrees of awareness, degrees of application and degrees of integration. The objective is to assess and draw useful conclusions about the progression in IT adoption by the construction sector in Singapore. At the same time, it can help to determine the stage of IT development for this sector. The data used for the analysis includes information obtained from an industry-wide questionnaire survey followed by informal discussions with industry players, as well as a review of the relevant publications. Evidence shows that there is an increasing trend of companies improving their efficiency and productivity through using IT. There is also an increasing trend of education institutions promoting IT usage through providing training. And, catering to this, there is an emergence of software development by IT vendors. Going beyond, it is clear that stakeholders need to focus their attention on achieving integration of technology, process and people as the next stage of development. It is recommended that appropriate strategies be put in place.

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Full text: content.pdf (28,476 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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Kathryn Davies

BARRIERS OR CONSTRAINTS? A REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES AS THEY APPLY TO CONSTRUCTION IT

Abstract: The construction industry is widely characterised as conservative in both business practices and construction methods and processes. Companies are seen as reluctant to change existing practices, despite the potential for greater efficiency and time and cost savings offered by technology now available. Supply chains are fragmented, and extensive use of sub-contacting introduces layers of management and a strong degree of autonomy in a wide variety of subgroups within a construction project team.Many studies have focused on barriers to the uptake of information technology in construction firms, with findings often framed in terms of characteristics of the industry similar to those summarised above. This paper presents a review of literature related to the introduction of IT in construction. It highlights a number of related issues that indicate that the construction industry might be better seen as cautious, but making progress, rather than resistant.While there are clearly characteristics of the construction industry that hinder widespread uptake of information technology, this can be seen as only part of the story. The argument for increased application of IT to construction processes is now well established, with identified benefits of improved productivity, financial and environmental sustainability. There are clearly gains to be made from progression in the industry from low-level business applications to construction-specific IT usage, and there are indications that the industry is ready for this to take place.To conclude the paper, the author questions why these industry characteristics often cited as barriers to innovation are not instead regarded by the proponents and developers of construction IT as constraints or design issues to be factored into the development process.

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Full text: content.pdf (62,172 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2008 (browse)
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