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Niclas Andersson, Pernille Hammar Andersson

Building Information Modeling in Engineering Teaching - Retaining the Context of Engineering Knowledge and Skills

Abstract: The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in construction supports business as well as project processes by providing integrated systems for communication, administration, quantity takeoff, time scheduling, cost estimating, progress control among other things. The rapid technological development of ICT systems and the increased application of ICT in industry significantly influence the management and organisation of construction projects, and consequently, ICT has implications for the education of engineers and the preparation of students for their future professional careers. In engineering education there is an obvious aim to provide students with sufficient disciplinary knowledge in science and engineering principles. The implementation of ICT in engineering education requires, however, that valuable time and teaching efforts are spent on adequate software training needed to operate the ICT systems properly. This study takes on the challenge of using ICT in engineering education without diminishing the body of technical disciplinary knowledge and the understanding of the engineering context in which it is taught, practiced and learned. The objective of the study is to describe and review an extensive role play simulation where students interact with real professional engineers. The role play simulation aims at providing a realistic learning context for the students in order to facilitate the learning objectives of the disciplinary knowledge of the course, which in this case is represented by adopting Building Information Modeling, BIM, for construction management purposes. Course evaluations, a questionnaire and discussions with students confirm a genuinely positive attitude towards the role-play simulation and interaction with industry professionals. The students engage in the role-play and express an increased understanding of the requirements and implicit rules of real-life engineering. The interaction between students and the professional engineers act as a prime mover for the students to perform their best, which in turn strengthens the learning of the disciplinary subjects.

Keywords: BIM, engineering teaching, role play, simulation, industry participation

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Full text: content.pdf (78,503 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2010 (browse)
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O'Brien W J, Issa R R A., Hammer J, Schmalz M S, Geunes J, Bai S X

SEEK: Accomplishing enterprise information integration across heterogeneous sources

Abstract: This paper describes ongoing research on the Scalable Extraction of Enterprise Knowledge (SEEK) project. The SEEK toolkit is a collection of modular components. The components enable rapid instantiation of connections to firms' legacy information sources, (semi)-automatically integrating knowledge in the firm with knowledge needed as input to decision support tools. SEEK is not a general-purpose toolkit. Rather, it allows extraction of knowledge required by specific types of decision support applications. Thus SEEK enables scalable implementation of computerized decision and negotiation support across a network of firms. Current development is directed towards support for construction supply chain applications. SEEK represents a departure from research and development in shared data standards. Instead, SEEK embraces heterogeneity in firms' information systems, providing the ability to extract and compose knowledge resident in sources that vary in the way data is represented and how it can be queried and accessed. This paper outlines the business needs for such capabilities, the SEEK information architecture, and reviews the underlying technologies (principally, Data Reverse Engineering) supporting SEEK.

Keywords: legacy system integration, knowledge capture, knowledge composition, data reverse engineering, supply chain management, process models

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Full text: http://www.itcon.org/2002/7 (available to registered users only)

Series: itcon:2002 (browse)
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Ozsariyildiz S, Tolman F

IT support for the very early design of buildings and civil engineering works

Abstract: Despite a general agreement about the importance of very early design decisions (various sources estimate that between 60% to 80% of the total project costs are determined during this stage), the very early design stage of building and civil engineering projects is not yet adequately supported by IT. The paper focusses on the problems that are causing the lack of IT support and reports on a possible solution based on the application of Product Data Technology (PDT) and Knowledge Engineering. The paper will show some initial experience with the development and application of an Inception Modeller that implements ideas from the General AEC Reference Model (GARM) as proposed by Wim Gieling in 1988. The development takes place in co-operation with the Brite-Euram CONCUR-project. The system concentrates on the inception and very early design of technical buildings, i.e. buildings in which equipment plays a major role, like power plant buildings, hospitals, factories, etc. The basic idea is to support the choice and elaboration of Technical Solutions that fulfil the requirements of Functional Units. The knowledge base is structured according to a FU-TS decomposition, or Hamburger model, of the building. A knowledge acquisition tool based on the same Hamburger model is under development and will be explained in some detail in the final paper. The system is implemented in Java, using Clips as the knowledge engine and VRML for the visualization. Though it is probably still too early to draw any definitive conclusions, it looks as if the structure provided by the FU-TS decomposition is ideal for very early design support. It provides a means to capture and re-use knowledge of successful earlier designs, thus providing a mechanism still missing in the building and construction industry.

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Full text: content.pdf (115,004 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1998 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.bestPractise (0.007643) class.deployment (0.005435) class.education (0.005124)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. The assistance of the editors, Prof. Bo-Christer Björk and Dr. Adina Jägbeck, is gratefully appreciated.


P. Irlayici & E. Tas

A case study on the strategic impact of information technology in the Turkish construction industry

Abstract: To study the strategic impact of information technology on the Turkish construction industry, a contractor firm is discussed in this paper. This paper helps to determine the current extent of IT usage, main purposes, benefits, obstacles and impacts of IT on the analyzed Turkish contractor firm. Main purposes on the use of IT, benefits by using IT and obstacles to a greater use of IT are evaluated. With the help of the study, it is demonstrated whether IT implementations have strategic impacts or not on the contractor firm. It is found that IT implementations have only technical and economic effects. Although firms which compete in construction industry need to use IT strategically in order to gain competitiveness; there is not much evidence that the firm take the advantage of using IT by providing strategic impacts.

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Full text: content.pdf (42,227 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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Patel M B, McCarthy T J, Morris P W, Elhag T M

The role of it in capturing and managing knowledge for organisational learning on construction projects

Abstract: "Knowledge management is becoming increasingly recognised as a critical source of competitive advantage. The way organisations use knowledge and learn is increasingly being recognised as central to performance improvement. Construction is no exception. Many construction companies, and their clients, are recognising that the way they manage knowledge and learn, across the whole supply chain, can make an enormous difference to their performance and the efficiency of the construction process. This paper describes work forming part of the research project: ‘The Role of IT in Capturing and Managing Knowledge for Organisational Learning on Construction Projects’ – known now under the acronym KLICON: Knowledge and Learning In CONstruction. It sets the scene for the detailed research project reviewing the current state of the use if IT in knowledge management and organisational learning in the construction industry. The problem is in many ways particularly difficult and important in construction with its project base, and the large number of often relatively small projects with constantly changing members of the supply chain. Information Technology (IT) offers real opportunities for capturing knowledge and feeding it back into the project organisation. This is important if performance is really to improve. This research will examine how IT can better assist knowledge management and organisational learning in construction projects. The aim of the research is to investigate how Information Technology can facilitate organisational learning and knowledge management in the construction industry. This will be achieved by: · examining how knowledge is captured and managed by firms working on construction projects; · assessing what management and IT tools are used to facilitate this, and their effectiveness. Knowledge needs and the use of IT tools will be investigated within a selected domain. This will be Requirements Capture and Management. In KLICON, knowledge is being taken as the cognitive ability to generate insight based on information and data. Much of the current work in knowledge management focuses on the collection, classification, storage, accessing and communication of information. Important though this is, many organisations are increasingly recognising that the way information is used in order to facilitate continuous improvement is often of more immediate relevance. This, broadly, is the area of organisational learning. Organisational learning is the ability of the organisation to collect and use information so that members exploit it to learn and to improve performance. Learning is something that pervades every individual’s life in one form or another. Organisations may be capable of learning and such organisational learning may in turn impact upon various aspects of an organisation’s performance. The full paper will amplify the topics outlined above and illustrate them with examples from the construction organisations from the KLICON group. It will also include examples of the IT tools that are being used to capture the process functions and the related information requirements. The KLICON industrial partners, Ove Arup and Partners and Kvaerner Construction Ltd, are providing access to project teams for the in-depth research into requirements capture, knowledge transmission and organisational learning."

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Full text: content.pdf (332,916 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2000 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.education (0.060951) class.deployment (0.056432) class.environment (0.019154)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by Icelandic Building Research Institute. The assistance of the editor, Mr. Gudni Gudnason, is gratefully appreciated


Pilgrim M, Bouchlaghem D, Holmes M, Loveday D

Mobile devices for engineering analysis

Abstract: Handheld computers are now sufficiently small to be carried casually and as such it is evermore common to find engineers with these devices. This paper explorers the possibility of providing remote accesses to typically office bound analytical software from these devices. With particular emphasis on the design of both input and output human computer interaction.

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Full text: content.pdf (951,901 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2002 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.man-software (0.035756) class.man-man (0.027746) class.analysis (0.008044)
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Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by the Aarhus School of Architecture, Denmark. The assistnace of the editor, Prof. Kristian Agger, is gratefully aprecciated.


Plokker W, Augenbroe G

PDI tools in the combine project

Abstract: Results from the COMBINE project (Computer Models for the Building Industry in Europe) are presented. This EU-funded project, now in it‘s second phase, deals with the development of integrated building design systems. COMBINE has concentrated on providing efficient data exchange between a number of “design nodes” in a network, each node being identified as an actor at a workstation in a LAN connected design team. The paper deals with the way data exchange facilities are delivered to the project in the form of a customizable interface kit.

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Full text: content.pdf (1,218,906 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1994 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.software-software (0.026272) class.man-software (0.019113) class.impact (0.018557)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by VTT, Espoo, Finland.


Quadrel R, Brambley M R, Stratton R

An automated tool for evaluating compliance and providing assistance with building energy standards during design,

Abstract: In an effort to encourage the maximum cost-effective level of energy efficiency in new building design, energy-efficiency standards have become more location-specific and performance-based. As a result, standards often provide more than one path for ensuring and demonstrating that a design complies, but at the cost of increased complexity. Inaddition, the burden of remedying a noncompliant design rests on the designers' knowledge and experience, with only general guidance provided by the standards. As part of efforts in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Advanced Energy Design and Operation Technologies (AEDOT)project, a team at DOE's Pacific Northwest Laboratory is developing acomputer program known as the Energy Standards Intelligent Design Tool (ES-IDT). The ES-IDT is one component of a prototype computer-based building design environment. It performs automatic compliance checkingfor parts of ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989 and provides designers assistance in bringing noncomplying designs into compliance. This paper describes the ES-IDT, the functions it provides, and how it is integrated into the design process via the AEDOT prototype building design environment.

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Full text: content.pdf (1,286,873 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1992 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.environment (0.026117) class.economic (0.022725) class.software development (0.012229)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Research Press of the National Research Council of Canada. The support of the editor, Dr. Dana Vanier, is gratefully appreciated.


R.W. Amor

Technical Challenges for Integrated Design and Delivery Solutions

Abstract: Conceptually, the development of an extensible infrastructure for Integrated Design and Delivery Solutions (IDDS) would appear to be a straight-forward matter. However, there are few current implementations in existence, and the majority of those that do exist are bespoke developments which support a restricted number of processes and analyses. This paper characterizes the wide range of technical challenges which are faced by those delivering on the promise of integrated design and delivery solutions. It examines the levels of IT support that can be offered for aspects such as: collaborative work processes; repositories of integrated data; management of information integration; and knowledge management processes. Alongside each of these challenges it identifies current approaches to supporting IDDS, both at a commercial level with tools that can be deployed today, and from the viewpoint of researchers working on future improvements to the IDDS ideal. The last part of this paper establishes a technology foresight for the technical development of IDDS. Providing a view of the technical future of IDDS over the coming decades with projections of the pathways that will lead to adoption of various forms of IDDS and the major obstacles where the dearth of solutions will delay the uptake of IDDS.

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Full text: content.pdf (234,485 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2009 (browse)
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Raimar J.Scherer, Wael Sharmak

Generic Process Template Description for the Effect of Risks on Project Schedule

Abstract: Many factors impact construction projects and cause changes in the project management plans. These factors can be considered as risks which are impossible to be identified completely in early project stages. Therefore, risk management in construction requires proactive as well as reactive procedures. Risk treatment, among the other risk management subprocesses, has the concrete change action which may modify one or more of the project management plans. In this paper, process modeling techniques are used to describe risk treatment effect on the structure of the project schedule plan. This structural change description is introduced as formalized configurable treatment templates. According to our findings seven generalized templates are efficient to represent the risk part in project reference models concerning process changes which in turn can be tailored and assembled to form up-to-date schedule plans. This kind of risk representation in reference repository will serve as means of knowledge management by providing all risk-related available information as response to a critical event. The Event-driven process Chains (EPC) will be used to model risk treatment templates using normal and configurable EPC elements.

Keywords: Process Modeling, Risk Treatment, Configuration, EPC

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Full text: content.pdf (456,963 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:2008 (browse)
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