Yongshin An and Ghang Lee
Why Some BIM Tool Users Do Not Think of Themselves as BIM Users - A Preliminary Study
Abstract: Some people claim that they are not users of building information modeling (BIM) even when they use BIM tools. This study investigates why some non-BIM users believe that they are not BIM users by analyzing their perceptions of BIM. To this end, a survey was conducted with BIM and non-BIM users in the Republic of Korea. The survey consisted of questions about the perception of BIM and non-BIM users toward BIM use, process, organization and policy. The results show that suspicious non-BIM users account for 65% of non-BIM users. The analysis of the survey reveals that non-BIM users who actually use BIM tools have a higher expectation of the level of overall BIM adoption than BIM users have. They believe that they are not BIM users, because they currently deploy only basic BIM uses that do not require a high level of collaboration, and they do not have a BIM specialist (BIM manager) in their group. Further research on the global view of BIM users is recommended.
Keywords: BIM (Building Information Modeling), BIM Use, BIM Process, BIM Organization, Suspicious Non-BIM User, PPTP Framework
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Z. Ren, T. M. Hassan & F. Yang
The Drivers and Barriers for the Development and Applications of Project Collaboration Systems in the Chinese Construction Industry
Abstract: Fragmentation is one of the major problems facing the Chinese construction industry. With its rapid development, this problem becomes more severe in the industry. In response to this problem, different collaboration systems have been developed by domestic and foreign construction and ICT companies. Although a significant of money has been invested, the impacts are still unclear. This paper reports on the findings of a survey conducted in 2008, with contributions received from 42 construction organizations including developers, designers, and contractors. The paper discussed the major problems and issues involved in developing project collaboration system in Chinese construction industry, and identified the key issues that support and inhibit the application of collaboration systems. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses methods have been adopted to analyze the results obtained. The results reveal the state-of-the art of collaboration systems in the Chinese construction industry and their impacts, at both Governmental and organizational levels.
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Zarli A, Rezgui Y
A survey of internet-oriented technologies for document-driven applications in construction open dynamic virtual environments
Abstract: "Various technologies ranging from standards for data exchange and product / process modeling, to integration through the use of object-oriented technologies, have been experimented and used in order to highlight the benefits of information and communication technologies in the construction domain. In particular, this last decade has seen a tremendous activity in new specifications and developments of standards and architectures for enterprise application integration. Indeed, integration and seamless communication between software applications (proprietary and commercial) are increasingly becoming fundamental issues tackled by a variety of emerging technologies. However, all these latest IT developments didn’t have the expected impact on the construction industry. This is due to several factors, including poor investment in construction IT by SMEs, and mismatch between IT innovations and Construction industry needs. In fact, behind the global issue of application integration within the (real or virtual) enterprise, appear a lot of architectural problems (along with the “right” selection of tools, toolboxes and infrastructures) that take a critical dimension in the case of open systems and standard issues.
The building sector is essentially characterised by its fragmentation, with a high proportion of SMEs involved in the design and build process of Construction projects: this means, from a macroscopic point of view, that designed infrastructures must be adequate to support Extranets and Virtual enterprises. Consequently, the problematic is not only to ensure internal communication between systems as in a single, even large, company, but to provide the required capacity to exchange information and collaborate outside the boundaries of the information systems constituting the IT infrastructure of a company, including means to organise the flow of information and the co-ordination of tasks. To address the issues of communication and interoperability, several routes have been explored and are still under development: after an initial phase related to bulk exchange of documents, middleware has become the focus, with investigations around CORBA or DCOM (for middleware-oriented application integration), and MOM (for the routing and formatting “on-the-fly” of messages). More recently, new architectures have been suggested, especially the now well-known 3-Tier based architecture and application servers (Client desktop – middle-tier Web or application server – DBMS/persistent storage). Eventually, technologies dedicated to the Web has risen, particularly the XML technology, and Java-oriented technologies like JSP and servlets.
Driven by the identification of intra- and inter-company business processes and information / process requirements of the Construction domain, and also on case studies and experiments conducted in previous European projects, including VEGA, GENIAL and CONDOR, this paper proposes a survey and first evaluation of open Internet-oriented technology and standards for use in open dynamic virtual environments, and analyses the potential usefulness of some current technologies, specifically MOM, CORBA, XML, and application servers (for the handling of business objects). The paper also highlights the benefits of using XML, as a technology for flexible and dynamic representation of complex objects (including documents) and their stream-based interchange, along with distributed object frameworks such as CORBA for remote access to data. Finally, the paper concentrates on the need related to the design of an infrastructure for application integration and tasks collaboration, and elaborates on how recent IT fit into architectures required for the specific needs and peculiarities of the construction industry.
1. Message Oriented Middleware.
2. Java Server Pages.
3. This work is realised in the scope of the OSMOS European project: Open System for inter-enterprise information Management in dynamic virtual envirOnmentS, IST-1999-10491 project."
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Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.software-software (0.082384)
Sound: read aloud.
Permission to reproduce these documents have been graciously provided by Icelandic Building Research Institute. The assistance of the editor, Mr. Gudni Gudnason, is gratefully appreciated
Migration risks OF construction informatics research
Abstract: The paper presents a study on the barriers to the implementation of construction informatics research results. The study was based on a survey among the participants of the 5th Framework EU projects, particularly among the members of the ICCI Project Cluster. Underlying the study is a generic process model of research, development and technology transfer (RDPM) that claims that research results are fed into the industrial use by means of (1) software development, (2) standardization and (3) education. The RDPM model is used to identify the frictions and barriers obstructing the migration of knowledge and introducing risks of a created technology not being implemented by the industry. A survey has been designed and executed on-line in the fall of 2003 asking specific questions about the current and future research as well as about the obstacles. Three groups of persons were invited to take the survey: (1) partners in the ICCI member projects, (2) partners in other EU projects related to construction as well as (3) other members of the construction IT scientific community.
Keywords: technology transfer, barriers and frictions, construction informatics, research policy, European Projects, ICCI
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