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Franklyn Chukwunonso

EVALUATING ICT FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN

Abstract: Higher education is approaching the point at which Science and Technology particularly Information and Communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every institution of higher learning uses computers in their educational programs. In many institutions, this information technology (IT) revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place. The potential educational uses of the Internet and World Wide Web add urgency to the need for institutional policies that protect the interest of participants while assuring the best educational use of these expensive resources. But one cannot be sure that all the new computers and networks appearing in classrooms will really make a difference for learners. It is still uncertain that the money and time invested in them makes a difference. What criteria to be used and how to measure success are some of the questions that raise additional questions about differences in the way we use technologies. For every success story, there are other stories about problems or unanticipated negative effects. It is so often observed that new technologies remain underused or misused. These are some of the issues this paper will consider with respect to information technology and technological values, virtues and developments in tertiary education in Nigeria.

Keywords: ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, IT, Evaluating ICT, Effective Implementation of ICt, Nigeria, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Nigerian Universities, Nigerian Education, Tertiary Institutions, Tertiary Education, Universities

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Franklyn Chukwunonso

EVALUATING ICT FOR EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN

Abstract: Higher education is approaching the point at which Science and Technology particularly Information and Communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every institution of higher learning uses computers in their educational programs. In many institutions, this information technology (IT) revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place. The potential educational uses of the Internet and World Wide Web add urgency to the need for institutional policies that protect the interest of participants while assuring the best educational use of these expensive resources. But one cannot be sure that all the new computers and networks appearing in classrooms will really make a difference for learners. It is still uncertain that the money and time invested in them makes a difference. What criteria to be used and how to measure success are some of the questions that raise additional questions about differences in the way we use technologies. For every success story, there are other stories about problems or unanticipated negative effects. It is so often observed that new technologies remain underused or misused. These are some of the issues this paper will consider with respect to information technology and technological values, virtues and developments in tertiary education in Nigeria.

Keywords: Internet, WWW, Evaluating, ICT, Information Technology, Nigeria, Tertiary, Education, Implementation

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Franklyn Chukwunonso

THE ROLE OF ICT POLICY IN DEVELOPMENT, IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF ICT IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTION

Abstract: Nigerian tertiary education is approaching the point at which Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. In many institutions, this IT revolution has taken place without institutional policies in place and even where they exist, they have been inconsistently developed or have been unevenly implemented regarding the use of ICT in educational programs. Even as institutions help faculty members develop educational and research programs, they have not developed policies to address fundamental and relevant ICT usage and application in these programs. Faculty efforts to bring ICT into their teaching and scholarly activities are rarely considered in formal faculty review and evaluation of teaching curriculum. In the long run, the effectiveness of these new digital tools will be dependant on the way in which these ICT policies are adopted and implemented. This paper discusses the vital role policies can play in the development, implementation and evaluation of ICT in Nigerian tertiary institutions.

Keywords: ICT, Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology, IT, Evaluating ICT, Effective Implementation of ICt, Nigeria, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Nigerian Universities, Nigerian Education, Tertiary Institutions, Tertiary Education, Universities, Role of ICT, Development of ICT, Implementation of ICT

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Full text: http://www.franklynonso.com (available to registered users only)

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Futcher K G, Rowlinson S

Information-management-systems used by the Hong Kong construction industry

Abstract: This paper presents the results of current research into the extent that construction IT is used to support the large and dynamic construction industry of Hong Kong. The 1990’s have seen a continued growth in construction with the Government’s airport-core-programme of projects taking centre stage against a backdrop of a growth in construction of infrastructure and other public-sector and private-sector building works. Through economic necessity, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (S.A.R.) plans to promote significantly more construction within the territory of the Hong Kong S.A.R., over the next two decades This is essential to meet the growth demands that are forecast to occur over the medium-term planning horizon of fifteen years. Concurrently, economic expansion in the neighbouring regions of southern China requires considerably greater amounts of new infrastructure. The Hong Kong construction industry will, inevitably, want to be heavily involved in these business opportunities. It is presumed that these demands for construction will attract participation from the global construction industry. The relative exploitation of construction IT for competitive advantage, by competing construction companies from different parts of the world, has therefore become important to the industry in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong construction industry has an enviable reputation and it is to be expected that this high-performance is supported by the use of construction IT technologies. However, Futcher and Rowlinson have previously presented subjective arguments that ‘Hong Kong’s reputation for high-speed, on-time and within-budget, construction belies the rudimentary nature of the industry’s exploitation of IT’, that ‘Hong Kong [is] strong in hardware, telecommunications and the marketing of technology. Opposed to weakness in systems support; programming; IT services, such as implementation and operational administration; documentation; and user-training’. They have stated that ‘the industry is likely to adopt IT only if it is seen as an accepted good practice. It does not actively seek IT solutions to achieve competitive advantage; as a means of offence and defence; to reduce costs; to innovate; or to impress.’ The research provides a factual basis for these statements by way of a comparative assessment on the use of construction information technologies in the Hong Kong industry. Knowledge which is of value to all the participants pursuing new business in this dynamic market. It is indicative of the sino-asian construction industry’s perceptions of the value and utility of construction IT. The paper provides argument for industry-lead development of construction IT.

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Full text: content.pdf (64,083 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1998 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.economic (0.020479) class.commerce (0.013201) class.strategies (0.012000)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. The assistance of the editors, Prof. Bo-Christer Björk and Dr. Adina Jägbeck, is gratefully appreciated.


G Kapogiannis, F Khosrowshahi, J Underwood

Digital Services for Construction Small and Medium Enterprises: A Conceptual Business Model

Abstract: The rapid deployment of web technologies delivers information from diverse sources in the world of digital business in a unified way. Within the construction industry the demand for investments in the digital dimension has raised very fast indicating a trend towards on-line collaboration services usually offered through a web portal. The main purpose of this research is to examine how the use of a web portal enhances the mission of construction Small Medium Enterprises (SME) in the local, national and international economy. Therefore, features and services captured from existing construction web portals are listed quantitatively to indicate those that are important to support the enterprise needs of construction managers and directors. Additionally the common practical and essential features considered in the technical and contextual design of a web portal geared for the use within the domain of construction SMEs in order to promote enterprise continuity in digital business are briefly presented. Results indicate potential support of interaction and collaboration among partners in the construction industry due to direct information accessibility as well as an attractive web platform developed based upon their daily needs. Therefore the need to develop a web business model is suggested to enhance the role of construction SMEs with a focus on online collaboration (online services). This model aspires to provide potential practical on-line dissemination of knowledge within construction SMEs to help the world of construction managers and directors in order for them to be more efficient, effective and creative when developing new businesses, new ideas and new projects. This model is partitioned to accommodate for flexible and scalable technological infrastructures that offer the necessary web services addressed to construction SMEs.

Keywords: Construction SME, Web Portal Technologies, Web Services, Virtual Organisation, Communication

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Series: w78:2011 (browse)
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Gerald Faschingbauer, Raimar J. Scherer

Model and sensor data management for geotechnical engineering application

Abstract: Monitoring is an actual problem in almost all disciplines of civil engineering. Especially in geotechnical engineering monitoring is very frequently applied, mainly during the construction phase. The recorded sensor data must be evaluated against the designed values. Also the models used for the forecasting of the behaviour of the investi-gated engineering structure have to be updated in consideration of the actual situation, i.e. the recorded sensor data. As in geotechnical engineering the actual situation itself and also the information about the soil properties will change several times during the construction phase, a high number of data, models and model versions will be investigated. All these data, models and model versions have to be managed. Therefore we propose an object-oriented framework to holistically model the building system, the engineering system, the sensor system, the workflow and the monitoring data in order to have a proper documentation of data, information and knowledge and to retrieve, combine and alternate any aspect of the overall system in a fast and controlled way. The different monitoring processes to be supported are identified and requirements for the development of an information system for monitoring are specified. A short applica-tion scenario should show the high complexity of the problem and emphasise the need of automation of the information management for monitoring.

Keywords: structural monitoring, model management, data and process modelling

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Series: w78:2007 (browse)
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Goran Sibenik and Iva Kovacic

Current State of Data Exchange Between Architectural and Structural Analysis Models - A Critical Review

Abstract: Open format data exchange is currently the most applicable and promising way of exchanging building data between architectural and structural analysis BIM models. Industry foundation classes (IFC) building data model is the only open and neutral data format supported by all leading software products for these two disciplines in the construction industry. However, numerous interoperability issues will have to be overcome before seamless data exchange is achieved. buildingSMART International as the organisation responsible for the development of this data model is at the forefront of developing standards related to the data exchange and to the schema itself. Additionally, the organisation certifies software solutions that support the export and/or import of data with IFC schema. All these parameters are closely analysed as actors and processes that influence the data exchange. The case study on which this research is based, demonstrates how interoperability problems occur regularly across all the certified software tools. In order to pinpoint the origin of these data exchange problems, they are located within the described interoperability parameters. In that way all difficulties arising in the process of implementing open exchange format before reaching the end user are documented.

Keywords: Data Exchange, Industry Foundation Classes, Architectural BIM, Structural BIM

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0299

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Gorlick A L, Froese T M

A prototype distributed CIC system based on IAI standards

Abstract: A prototype Computer Integrated Construction system is being developed that models building product and process information using International Alliance for Interoperability standards. The goal of this research is to provide a window into the future of how these standards can be applied in the construction industry. The prototype consists of a project database that is structured according to a common project schema or project data model. The schema is based on emerging International Alliance for Interoperability standard models but it is implemented in a way that allows the dynamic development of the schema (and even of its underlying metamodel) without destroying the information in the database in order to support on-going work in the development of information model standards. The system is modular in nature so that it can be supplemented with plug-in tools to accomplish a variety of project management tasks. It is served over the web through a combination of Microsoft's Active-X Data Object technology and a lightweight version of ISO STEP's Standard Data Access Interface. Data sets served to the client are wrapped in the Extensible Markup Language to allow for the self-description of information.

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Full text: content.pdf (77,627 bytes) (available to registered users only)

Series: w78:1999 (browse)
Cluster: papers of the same cluster (result of machine made clusters)
Class: class.represent (0.068367) class.man-software (0.047366) class.standards (0.016356)
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Permission to reproduce these papers has been graciously provided by the Research Press of the National Research Council of Canada. The support of the editors, particularly Dr. Dana Vanier, is gratefully appreciated.


Guarnerio G

Automation of technical information systems

Abstract: The paper is a synthesis of two research works: .Automation of Technical Information Systemsu and 4lassification Systems for the Construction Industry)), which have been funded by Progetto Finaliuato Edilizia (Italian National Council of Research). The design of buildings currently requires a huge amount of processed data, due to various procedural routines required for obtaining the necessary authorizations. Such documents are usually drawn up on paper: information technology allows t o perform in a simpler and systematic way all data managed and to enhance process efficiency in the construction industry.

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Series: ecce:1997 (browse)
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Guillermo Aranda-Mena, John Crawford, Agustin Chevez, Thomas Froese

BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING DEMYSTIFIED: DOES IT MAKE BUSINESS SENSE TO ADOPT BIM?

Abstract: Building Information Modeling (BIM) offers a revolutionising way to design, document and procure buildings. BIM promises to become a new international benchmark for building design and documentation across industry on the basis of improved efficiencies and collaboration capabilities. However, BIM requires rethinking current practices and process thus it calls for a paradigm shift in the way we procure, design and operate buildings. There seems no question that BIM methodologies are to become the norm in the long term but more factual evidence is required today to provide guidance to industry. This paper investigates current business drivers for BIM adoption by architecture and building engineering consultants.BIM needs to compete against well-ingrained methods to deliver projects in a fragmented and rather traditional industry. This paper investigates 47 value propositions for the adoption of BIM under a multiple case study investigation carried out in Australia and Hong Kong (Aranda-Mena et. al 2008). The selected case study projects included a range of public (1) and private (4) sector building developments of small and large scale. Findings were coded, interpreted and synthesised in order to identify the challenges and business drivers, and the paper focuses mainly on challenges and benefits for architectural and engineering consultants, contractors and steel fabricators. As a condition for the selection criteria all case studies had to be collaborating by sharing BIM data between two or more consultants / stakeholders. As practices cannot afford to ignore BIM this paper aims to identify those immediate business drivers as to provoke debate amongst the professional and academic community.

Keywords: BIM

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