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Paper convr-2013-47:
BIM and GIS for low-disturbance construction

Facilitated by the SciX project

Sebastian R,Böhms M,van den Helm P

BIM and GIS for low-disturbance construction

Abstract: Construction and maintenance activities of bridges often bring negative impacts to the urban environment in terms of disturbance, traffic jams and disruptions, noise, dust, and air pollution. Lack of coordination between the stakeholders in strategic, tactical and operational construction planning process has been identified as a key factor behind these negative impacts. Attempts to solve this issue critically depend on an effective interoperability between ICT tools from the building domain (based on Building Information Model or BIM) and the urban planning domain (based on three dimensional Geographical Information System or 3D GIS). Research on the interoperability between BIM and GIS requires knowledge of Open BIM as well as Open GIS and their interconnection. Unfortunately, Open BIM and Open GIS have been developed separately and they have pursued different standards and technologies. Open BIM for civil infrastructure projects is still limited, especially due to the fact that the IFC open standard currently targets the building sector. Open GIS mainly relies on the use of GML/CityGML standard. This paper focuses on research to develop a solution for the interoperability of BIM and GIS, especially for the purpose of low-disturbance construction. It reports the on-going EU FP7 collaborative research project PANTURA. The preliminary achievements include a prototype solution that consists of: an architecture for the integration solution between BIM and GIS data and tools - an Application Domain Extension (ADE) that connects BIM data from the bridge with the computational parameters on disturbance in a GIS-based planning tool Urban Strategy, a configuration of open-source Deegree 3D model server, and a query interface between the model server and the decision-support tool. The prototype solution is verified using two case studies: on-site assembly of a new bridge on La Palma island, Spain, and refurbishment of existing bridges in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Keywords: BIM,GIS,interoperability,decision-support tool,low-disturbance construction,bridge project,urban environment


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