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Paper lc3-2017-252:
Development of 3D Building Models Using Multi-Source Data: A Study of High-Density Urban Area in Hong Kong

Facilitated by the SciX project

Ke Chen, Fan Xue and Weisheng Lu

Development of 3D Building Models Using Multi-Source Data: A Study of High-Density Urban Area in Hong Kong

Abstract: There has been a world-wide interest in using 3D building models to support urban planning, design, and management. For high-density urban areas with complex topographic conditions, how to fast develop such models with adequate accuracy remains a challenge, particularly when a single data source is utilized. This study seeks to develop such quality models by integrating multi-source data including the topographic map and LiDAR data. A total of 1,819 high-rise buildings located in Hong Kong are chosen as the subjects. The topographic map is used to develop a level of detail 1 (LoD1) model of each building. The LiDAR data is then used to fine-tune building shapes, in particular roofs, so that more accurate models with LoD2 can be derived. It is found that the integration of topographic map and LiDAR data can improve the completeness and accuracy of building models. The speed and computations to operate the integration are acceptable. Future studies are recommended to achieve LoD3 building models by utilizing other data sources (e.g., semantic information of individual buildings, and points of interest).

Keywords: 3D Building Models, Lidar Data, Topographic Map, High-Density Urban Area

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0252

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