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Paper w78-2011-Paper-140:
Factors affecting the uptake of BIM in the Auckland Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry

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C McCartney, L Kiroff

Factors affecting the uptake of BIM in the Auckland Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry

Abstract: Building Information Modeling (BIM) is seen as the next paradigm shift in the building design and construction industry since the move from traditional drafting to 2D computer aided design systems. Although BIM has been available for a number of years worldwide, its adoption and use in the New Zealand, and especially Auckland Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry has been relatively limited.The aim of this research is to explore the factors affecting the uptake of BIM in the Auckland market by incorporating the views of various architecture, engineering and construction firms. This study is based on a qualitative research methodology. A number of semi-structured interviews, using a questionnaire guide, were conducted with industry professionals from the architecture, structural engineering, services engineering, and construction contractor industry sectors to gain an insight into their current use of BIM and identify what benefits and barriers they encountered in its use and implementation.The findings of this research showed that most industry sectors are currently using BIM as a three dimensional tool for coordinating the various design disciplines, as well as for 3D clash detection and 2D documentation production. Other reasons for BIM use included producing 3D and 4D visualizations and virtual walkthroughs to help non-technical people understand the design intent. Although the literature describes training and cost of implementation as major factors affecting the uptake of BIM, most of the research participants downplayed these issues, explaining that adopting BIM was a commercial decision made to stay ahead of their competitors, and that the extra training involved actually improved the skill base of their organizations. This study concludes that to progress with the use of BIM, a truly integrated and collaborative approach must be adopted in order to achieve gains in coordination, productivity, cost management, and overall project outcomes.

Keywords: BIM, AEC industry, 3D modeling, 4D visualization, Survey


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