||Life-cycle cost design methods and tools
||Life cycle economics is the only way to control individual buildings andreal estates over long terms. VTT, in co-operation with two consulting firmshas developed a systematic way to apply life-cycle economics on differentstages of building design. This model has been presented in this paper. It isbased on investment costs modified to annual costs, yearly maintenancecosts, renovation costs modified to annual costs as well as on an analysis ofbenefits like incomes, effects on quality, and other nonqualified factors.
|Year of publication:
Pulakka S (1999).
Life-cycle cost design methods and tools. Lacasse M A, Vanier D J (ed.); Information technology in construction, volume 4, ISBN 0-660-17743-9; Vancouver, May 30 - June 3, Canada (ISSN: 2706-6568),