||The effective exchange of information regarding the planning and controlactivities (schedules, resources, materials, cost, cash flow) between thedifferent parties involved in building and construction projects is a criticalsuccess factor to avoid projects' time and costs overrun and to insure betterquality. However, current applications and research and development effortson electronic exchange of information are usually restricted to the exchangeof technical design information, particularly CAD exchange amongstdesigners and between these and contractors; and of business data (purchaseorders, invoices, remittance advice, etc.), between contractors and builders,merchants and suppliers. This paper will review current practitioners'approach to the exchange of planning and control information, and discussthe business need to the seamless flow of scheduling, resource, materials,and cost information between firms. Different technical solutions availableto address the subject will be described. Through the description of theexperience in this area of two European projects, RoadRobot and SUMMIT,the paper will also describe the state-of-the-art regarding the development ofinternational standards for the exchange of planning and controlinformation, particularly at the EDIFACT, STEP and IAI levels. RoadRobot- Operator Assisted Mobile Road Robot for Heavy Duty Civil EngineeringApplications, was a project devoted to implement a general standard-basedarchitecture to support the information management for road constructionenvironments, covering from the road design to road construction,embracing the site, cell, machine and tool levels. SUMMIT - Supply ChainManagement In Construction Industry, is an end-user driven project whichenvisages the creation, implementation, test and evaluation of an EDI, STEPand IAI/IFC based communication infrastructure on a specific project ofbuilding prefabricated houses, connecting project manager, contractor andsuppliers. This paper shows that international standards for planning andcontrol information in B and C are not yet enough developed and that furtherdevelopments are required.
Jardim-Goncalves R, Sousa P, Pimentao J, Steigergarcao A, Grilo A, Tadeu L (1999).
Integration of planning and control activities for building and construction: experiencing standards. Lacasse M A, Vanier D J (ed.); Information technology in construction, volume 4, ISBN 0-660-17743-9; Vancouver, May 30 - June 3, Canada,